Sphingosine-1 phosphate prevents monocyte/endothelial interactions in type 1 diabetic NOD mice through activation of the S1P1 receptor.Circ Res. 2006 Sep 29; 99(7):731-9.CircR
Monocyte recruitment and adhesion to vascular endothelium are key early events in atherosclerosis. We examined the role of sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) on modulating monocyte/endothelial interactions in the NOD/LtJ (NOD) mouse model of type 1 diabetes. Aortas from nondiabetic and diabetic NOD mice were incubated in the absence or presence of 100 nmol/L S1P. Fluorescently labeled monocytes were incubated with the aortas. Aortas from NOD diabetic mice bound 7-fold more monocytes than nondiabetic littermates (10+/-1 monocytes bound/field for nondiabetic mice vs 74+/-12 monocytes bound/field for diabetic mice, P<0.0001). Incubation of diabetic aortas with 100 nmol/L S1P reduced monocyte adhesion to endothelium by 90%. We found expression of S1P1, S1P2, and S1P3 receptors on NOD aortic endothelial cells. The S1P1 receptor-specific agonist SEW2871 inhibited monocyte adhesion to diabetic aortas. Studies in diabetic S1P3-deficient mice revealed that the S1P3 receptor did not play a pivotal role in this process. S1P reduced endothelial VCAM-1 induction in type 1 diabetic NOD mice, most likely through inhibition of nuclear factor kappaB translocation to the nucleus. Thus, S1P activation of the S1P1 receptor functions in an antiinflammatory manner in type 1 diabetic vascular endothelium to prevent monocyte/endothelial interactions. S1P may play an important role in the prevention of vascular complications of type 1 diabetes.