N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, kidney disease and outcome in patients with chronic heart failure.J Heart Lung Transplant. 2006 Sep; 25(9):1135-41.JH
In patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) provides relevant prognostic information, but its usefulness in the presence of kidney disease has been questioned.
We prospectively enrolled 142 patients with stable CHF and a wide spectrum of renal function (estimated glomerular filtration rates [eGFRs] ranging from 17.1 to 100.3 ml/min/1.73 m2). Chronic kidney disease, defined as eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2, was present in 63 patients (44%). NT-proBNP measurements were carried out on a bench-top analyzer (Elecsys 2010). Cardiac death or urgent cardiac transplantation were considered as a combined study end-point.
During a follow-up of 383 +/- 237 days, 19 patients underwent a cardiac event (cardiac death, n = 17; urgent cardiac transplantation, n = 2). By multivariate Cox analysis, including clinical and laboratory variables, NT-proBNP and serum hemoglobin were independent prognostic predictors. In patients with NT-proBNP > 1,129 pg/ml, outcome was significantly worse compared to patients with NT-proBNP < 1,129 pg/ml (event-free survival rate 67% vs 94% in those with NT-proBNP < 1,129 pg/ml, p = 0.001). By linear regression analysis, NT-proBNP levels were related to New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class (R = 0.41, p < 0.001), and inversely related to eGFR (R = -0.29, p = 0.001) and to left ventricular ejection fraction (R = -0.43, p < 0.001).
In CHF patients with and without kidney disease, NT-proBNP provides independent prognostic information. In such patients, NT-proBNP levels are not only reflective of a reduced clearance (i.e., a lower eGFR) but also of the severity of the underlying structural heart disease.