Causes of B chromosome variant substitution in the grasshopper Eyprepocnemis plorans.Chromosome Res. 2006; 14(6):693-700.CR
We have analysed B chromosome frequency for three consecutive years, B transmission rate at population and individual levels, clutch size, egg fertility and embryo-adult viability in a natural population of the grasshopper Eyprepocnemis plorans containing two different B chromosome variants, i.e. B(2) and B(24), the second being derived from the first and having replaced it in nearby populations. From 2002 to 2003 the relative frequency of both variants changed, although the differences did not reach significance. A mother-offspring analysis showed no significant effect of any of the two B variants on clutch size, egg fertility or embryo-adult viability, but B(24) was more efficiently transmitted than B(2) through males from the 2002 season, which explains the observed frequency change. Controlled crosses, at individual level, showed significant drive through some females for B(24) but not for B(2), suggesting that this difference in transmission rate might also be important for the substitution process. The analysis of relative fitness for B(2) and B(24) carriers for all fitness components, as a whole, showed a significantly better performance of B(24)-carrying individuals, suggesting that the cumulative effect of these slight differences might contribute to the replacement of B(2) by B(24).