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Traffic-related air pollution and otitis media.
Environ Health Perspect 2006; 114(9):1414-8EH

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Otitis media is one of the most common infections in young children. Although exposure to environmental tobacco smoke is a known risk factor associated with otitis media, little information is available regarding the potential association with air pollution.

OBJECTIVE

We set out to study the relationship between exposure to traffic-related air pollution and otitis media in two birth cohorts.

METHODS

Individual estimates of outdoor concentrations of traffic-related air pollutants-nitrogen dioxide, fine particles [particulate matter with aerodynamic diameters </= 2.5 microm (PM2.5)], and elemental carbon-were calculated for home addresses of approximately 3,700 and 650 infants from birth cohort studies in the Netherlands and Germany, respectively. Air pollution exposure was analyzed in relation to physician diagnosis of otitis media in the first 2 years of life.

RESULTS

Odds ratios (adjusted for known major risk factors) for otitis media indicated positive associations with traffic-related air pollutants. An increase in 3 microg/m3 PM2.5, 0.5 microg/m3 elemental carbon, and 10 microg/m3 NO2 was associated with odds ratios of 1.13 (95% confidence interval, 1.00-1.27) , 1.10 (1.00-1.22) , and 1.14 (1.03-1.27) in the Netherlands and 1.24 (0.84-1.83) , 1.10 (0.86-1.41) , and 1.14 (0.87-1.49) in Germany, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS

These findings indicate an association between exposure to traffic-related air pollutants and the incidence of otitis media. Given the ubiquitous nature of air pollution exposure and the importance of otitis media to children's health, these findings have significant public health implications.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of British Columbia, School of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. brauer@interchange.ubc.caNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16966098

Citation

Brauer, Michael, et al. "Traffic-related Air Pollution and Otitis Media." Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 114, no. 9, 2006, pp. 1414-8.
Brauer M, Gehring U, Brunekreef B, et al. Traffic-related air pollution and otitis media. Environ Health Perspect. 2006;114(9):1414-8.
Brauer, M., Gehring, U., Brunekreef, B., de Jongste, J., Gerritsen, J., Rovers, M., ... Heinrich, J. (2006). Traffic-related air pollution and otitis media. Environmental Health Perspectives, 114(9), pp. 1414-8.
Brauer M, et al. Traffic-related Air Pollution and Otitis Media. Environ Health Perspect. 2006;114(9):1414-8. PubMed PMID: 16966098.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Traffic-related air pollution and otitis media. AU - Brauer,Michael, AU - Gehring,Ulrike, AU - Brunekreef,Bert, AU - de Jongste,Johan, AU - Gerritsen,Jorrit, AU - Rovers,Maroeska, AU - Wichmann,Heinz-Erich, AU - Wijga,Alet, AU - Heinrich,Joachim, PY - 2006/9/13/pubmed PY - 2006/12/21/medline PY - 2006/9/13/entrez SP - 1414 EP - 8 JF - Environmental health perspectives JO - Environ. Health Perspect. VL - 114 IS - 9 N2 - BACKGROUND: Otitis media is one of the most common infections in young children. Although exposure to environmental tobacco smoke is a known risk factor associated with otitis media, little information is available regarding the potential association with air pollution. OBJECTIVE: We set out to study the relationship between exposure to traffic-related air pollution and otitis media in two birth cohorts. METHODS: Individual estimates of outdoor concentrations of traffic-related air pollutants-nitrogen dioxide, fine particles [particulate matter with aerodynamic diameters </= 2.5 microm (PM2.5)], and elemental carbon-were calculated for home addresses of approximately 3,700 and 650 infants from birth cohort studies in the Netherlands and Germany, respectively. Air pollution exposure was analyzed in relation to physician diagnosis of otitis media in the first 2 years of life. RESULTS: Odds ratios (adjusted for known major risk factors) for otitis media indicated positive associations with traffic-related air pollutants. An increase in 3 microg/m3 PM2.5, 0.5 microg/m3 elemental carbon, and 10 microg/m3 NO2 was associated with odds ratios of 1.13 (95% confidence interval, 1.00-1.27) , 1.10 (1.00-1.22) , and 1.14 (1.03-1.27) in the Netherlands and 1.24 (0.84-1.83) , 1.10 (0.86-1.41) , and 1.14 (0.87-1.49) in Germany, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate an association between exposure to traffic-related air pollutants and the incidence of otitis media. Given the ubiquitous nature of air pollution exposure and the importance of otitis media to children's health, these findings have significant public health implications. SN - 0091-6765 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16966098/full_citation L2 - https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/doi/full/10.1289/ehp.9089?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -