Recrudescent cryptococcosis, caused by Cryptococcus gattii (molecular type VGII), over a 13-year period in a Birman cat.Med Mycol. 2006 Sep; 44(6):561-6.MM
A 17-year-old desexed male Birman cat presented with a fleshy mass protruding from the left ear canal. A culture from the mass revealed a heavy growth of Cryptococcus gattii (molecular type VGII, serotype B). The lesion resolved with antifungal therapy over 8 weeks. Itraconazole was continued indefinitely due to persistent high serum cryptococcal antigen titres. The cat was euthanased 12 months later due to the acute development of hindlimb ataxia and collapse which may or may not have been attributable to cryptococcosis. This cat had first presented when 4 years of age with a 3-week history of inappetance, sneezing and serous nasal discharge. Culture of swabs from both nostrils were positive for C. gattii (VGII). Fluconazole therapy produced steady improvement over a 6 month period, at which time therapy was discontinued. The cat presented 9 months later for sneezing, again with a positive culture of C. gattii from the nasal cavity. Antifungal therapy was continued for 8 months, after which time cultures were negative and symptoms resolved. Three episodes of cryptococcosis in a cat over a 13-year period were thus documented. Importantly, the two C. gattii isolates, obtained 13 years apart, were identical using DNA fingerprinting and random amplification of polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis.