Increase in adhesion molecules in cerebrospinal fluid of children with mumps and mumps meningitis.Scand J Immunol. 2006 Oct; 64(4):420-4.SJ
Adhesion molecules play a key role in leucocyte migration into the central nervous system (CNS). Concentrations of endothelial-derived soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) and leucocyte-originated soluble L-selectin (sL-selectin) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of children with mumps meningitis (mononuclear pleocytosis, n = 33) and mumps (absence of pleocytosis, n = 9) were compared with values from age-matched control group (n = 19). In 14 patients from the meningitis group, adhesion molecule levels together with albumin concentration were estimated in paired CSF/serum samples to calculate concentration quotients and determine molecule intrathecal release. Both sICAM-1 (median 3.44 versus 0.86 ng/ml; P < 0.0001) and sL-selectin (median 29.91 versus 8.52 ng/ml; P < 0.0001) concentrations in CSF were increased in mumps meningitis patients compared with controls. Increased levels of the selected adhesion molecules were also observed in mumps patients without CNS involvement when compared with controls (median sICAM-1: 1.14 versus 0.86 ng/ml, sL-selectin: 13.54 versus 8.52 ng/ml; P < 0.01). Additionally, the concentration of adhesion molecules was found to correlate with CSF leucocyte count. Considerable correlation of sICAM-1 and sL-selectin quotients and corresponding albumin quotients suggests that a majority of the soluble adhesion molecules originated from the bloodstream. Analysis of adhesion molecule levels demonstrated indirect evidence of brain-derived fractions. Our results suggest the involvement of adhesion molecules during the early phase of mumps meningitis.