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Are low ultraviolet B and high animal protein intake associated with risk of renal cancer?
Int J Cancer. 2006 Dec 01; 119(11):2705-9.IJ

Abstract

Incidence rates of kidney cancer are thought to be highest in places situated at high latitudes and in populations with high intake of energy from animal sources. This suggests that low 25-hydroxyvitamin D status, due to lower levels of UVB irradiance, and energy from animal sources might be involved in etiology. The association of latitude with age-adjusted incidence rates was determined for all 175 countries in a UN cancer database, GLOBOCAN. The independent association of UVB irradiance, cloud cover and intake of calories from animal sources with age-adjusted incidence rates was assessed using multiple regression in 139 countries that provided dietary data. Renal cancer incidence rates were highest in countries situated at the highest latitudes, in men (R(2) = 0.64, p < 0.01) and women (R(2) = 0.63, p < 0.01). According to multivariate analysis in men, UVB irradiance was inversely associated with renal cancer incidence rates (p = 0.0003), while cloud cover (p = 0.003) and intake of calories from animal sources (p < 0.0001) were independently positively associated (R(2) for model = 0.73, p < 0.0001). In women, UVB irradiance was inversely associated with incidence rates (p = 0.04), while total cloud cover (p = 0.0008) and calories from animal sources (p < 0.0001) were positively associated (R(2) = 0.68, p < 0.0001). Lower levels of UVB irradiance and higher intakes of calories from animal sources were independently associated with higher incidence rates of kidney cancer.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16981191

Citation

Mohr, Sharif B., et al. "Are Low Ultraviolet B and High Animal Protein Intake Associated With Risk of Renal Cancer?" International Journal of Cancer, vol. 119, no. 11, 2006, pp. 2705-9.
Mohr SB, Gorham ED, Garland CF, et al. Are low ultraviolet B and high animal protein intake associated with risk of renal cancer? Int J Cancer. 2006;119(11):2705-9.
Mohr, S. B., Gorham, E. D., Garland, C. F., Grant, W. B., & Garland, F. C. (2006). Are low ultraviolet B and high animal protein intake associated with risk of renal cancer? International Journal of Cancer, 119(11), 2705-9.
Mohr SB, et al. Are Low Ultraviolet B and High Animal Protein Intake Associated With Risk of Renal Cancer. Int J Cancer. 2006 Dec 1;119(11):2705-9. PubMed PMID: 16981191.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Are low ultraviolet B and high animal protein intake associated with risk of renal cancer? AU - Mohr,Sharif B, AU - Gorham,Edward D, AU - Garland,Cedric F, AU - Grant,William B, AU - Garland,Frank C, PY - 2006/9/19/pubmed PY - 2006/12/13/medline PY - 2006/9/19/entrez SP - 2705 EP - 9 JF - International journal of cancer JO - Int. J. Cancer VL - 119 IS - 11 N2 - Incidence rates of kidney cancer are thought to be highest in places situated at high latitudes and in populations with high intake of energy from animal sources. This suggests that low 25-hydroxyvitamin D status, due to lower levels of UVB irradiance, and energy from animal sources might be involved in etiology. The association of latitude with age-adjusted incidence rates was determined for all 175 countries in a UN cancer database, GLOBOCAN. The independent association of UVB irradiance, cloud cover and intake of calories from animal sources with age-adjusted incidence rates was assessed using multiple regression in 139 countries that provided dietary data. Renal cancer incidence rates were highest in countries situated at the highest latitudes, in men (R(2) = 0.64, p < 0.01) and women (R(2) = 0.63, p < 0.01). According to multivariate analysis in men, UVB irradiance was inversely associated with renal cancer incidence rates (p = 0.0003), while cloud cover (p = 0.003) and intake of calories from animal sources (p < 0.0001) were independently positively associated (R(2) for model = 0.73, p < 0.0001). In women, UVB irradiance was inversely associated with incidence rates (p = 0.04), while total cloud cover (p = 0.0008) and calories from animal sources (p < 0.0001) were positively associated (R(2) = 0.68, p < 0.0001). Lower levels of UVB irradiance and higher intakes of calories from animal sources were independently associated with higher incidence rates of kidney cancer. SN - 0020-7136 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16981191/Are_low_ultraviolet_B_and_high_animal_protein_intake_associated_with_risk_of_renal_cancer L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc.22213 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -