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The relationship between sedentary activities and physical inactivity among adolescents: results from the Canadian Community Health Survey.
J Adolesc Health. 2006 Oct; 39(4):515-22.JA

Abstract

PURPOSE

To evaluate the relationships between the time spent on sedentary activities (computer usage, video game playing, television viewing, and reading) and physical inactivity in a sample of youth (aged 12-19 years) from the 2000-2001 Canadian Community Health Survey.

METHODS

The study sample included 7982 youth (4034 males, 3948 females) across Canada (mean age: 15.61 years, SD: 2.23 years). Weekly time spent on computers, video games, television, and reading during leisure-time was obtained through self-reported questionnaires. Physical inactivity was determined by respondents' daily energy expenditure assessed through a physical activity questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to examine the relationship between sedentary activities and physical inactivity respectively by gender. Sociodemographic variables, health status, and overweight status were controlled in the analysis.

RESULTS

A substantial proportion of Canadian youth was inactive: 50.3% of males and 67.8% of females. Controlling for sociodemographic variables, health status, and body mass index, television viewing was significantly associated with physical inactivity for both males and females regardless of their overweight status. However, computer usage was associated with physical activity among males, and reading was associated with physical activity among females.

CONCLUSIONS

There is a complex inter-relationship between sedentary behaviors and physical inactivity, highlighting the need for targeted interventions addressing patterns of sedentary behavior engagement. Reducing time spent on television viewing may be one plausible strategy within such interventions in reducing physical inactivity among youth.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. nao.koezuka@utoronto.caNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16982386

Citation

Koezuka, Naoko, et al. "The Relationship Between Sedentary Activities and Physical Inactivity Among Adolescents: Results From the Canadian Community Health Survey." The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, vol. 39, no. 4, 2006, pp. 515-22.
Koezuka N, Koo M, Allison KR, et al. The relationship between sedentary activities and physical inactivity among adolescents: results from the Canadian Community Health Survey. J Adolesc Health. 2006;39(4):515-22.
Koezuka, N., Koo, M., Allison, K. R., Adlaf, E. M., Dwyer, J. J., Faulkner, G., & Goodman, J. (2006). The relationship between sedentary activities and physical inactivity among adolescents: results from the Canadian Community Health Survey. The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 39(4), 515-22.
Koezuka N, et al. The Relationship Between Sedentary Activities and Physical Inactivity Among Adolescents: Results From the Canadian Community Health Survey. J Adolesc Health. 2006;39(4):515-22. PubMed PMID: 16982386.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The relationship between sedentary activities and physical inactivity among adolescents: results from the Canadian Community Health Survey. AU - Koezuka,Naoko, AU - Koo,Malcolm, AU - Allison,Kenneth R, AU - Adlaf,Edward M, AU - Dwyer,John J M, AU - Faulkner,Guy, AU - Goodman,Jack, Y1 - 2006/07/10/ PY - 2005/08/02/received PY - 2006/02/04/revised PY - 2006/02/13/accepted PY - 2006/9/20/pubmed PY - 2006/10/13/medline PY - 2006/9/20/entrez SP - 515 EP - 22 JF - The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine JO - J Adolesc Health VL - 39 IS - 4 N2 - PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationships between the time spent on sedentary activities (computer usage, video game playing, television viewing, and reading) and physical inactivity in a sample of youth (aged 12-19 years) from the 2000-2001 Canadian Community Health Survey. METHODS: The study sample included 7982 youth (4034 males, 3948 females) across Canada (mean age: 15.61 years, SD: 2.23 years). Weekly time spent on computers, video games, television, and reading during leisure-time was obtained through self-reported questionnaires. Physical inactivity was determined by respondents' daily energy expenditure assessed through a physical activity questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to examine the relationship between sedentary activities and physical inactivity respectively by gender. Sociodemographic variables, health status, and overweight status were controlled in the analysis. RESULTS: A substantial proportion of Canadian youth was inactive: 50.3% of males and 67.8% of females. Controlling for sociodemographic variables, health status, and body mass index, television viewing was significantly associated with physical inactivity for both males and females regardless of their overweight status. However, computer usage was associated with physical activity among males, and reading was associated with physical activity among females. CONCLUSIONS: There is a complex inter-relationship between sedentary behaviors and physical inactivity, highlighting the need for targeted interventions addressing patterns of sedentary behavior engagement. Reducing time spent on television viewing may be one plausible strategy within such interventions in reducing physical inactivity among youth. SN - 1879-1972 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16982386/The_relationship_between_sedentary_activities_and_physical_inactivity_among_adolescents:_results_from_the_Canadian_Community_Health_Survey_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1054-139X(06)00059-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -