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The impact of school smoking policies and student perceptions of enforcement on school smoking prevalence and location of smoking.
Health Educ Res. 2007 Dec; 22(6):782-93.HE

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to comprehensively assess the impact of school tobacco policy intention, implementation and students' perceptions of policy enforcement on smoking rates and location of tobacco use during the school day. Data were obtained from all students in Grades 10-11 (n = 22,318) in 81 randomly selected schools from five Canadian provinces. Policy intention was assessed by coding written school tobacco policies. School administrators most familiar with the tobacco policy completed a survey to assess policy implementation. Results revealed policy intention and implementation subscales did not significantly predict school smoking prevalence but resulted in moderate prediction of tobacco use on school property (R(2) = 0.21-0.27). Students' perceptions of policy enforcement significantly predicted school smoking prevalence (R(2) = 0.36) and location of tobacco use (R(2) = 0.23-0.63). The research findings emphasize: (i) the need to consider both written policy intention and actual policy implementation and (ii) the existence of a policy is not effective in controlling tobacco use unless the policy is implemented and is perceived to be strongly enforced.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Health Care and Epidemiology, University of British Columbia, 270-5804 Fairview Avenue, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3 Canada. chris.lovato@ubc.caNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Evaluation Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16987941

Citation

Lovato, C Y., et al. "The Impact of School Smoking Policies and Student Perceptions of Enforcement On School Smoking Prevalence and Location of Smoking." Health Education Research, vol. 22, no. 6, 2007, pp. 782-93.
Lovato CY, Sabiston CM, Hadd V, et al. The impact of school smoking policies and student perceptions of enforcement on school smoking prevalence and location of smoking. Health Educ Res. 2007;22(6):782-93.
Lovato, C. Y., Sabiston, C. M., Hadd, V., Nykiforuk, C. I., & Campbell, H. S. (2007). The impact of school smoking policies and student perceptions of enforcement on school smoking prevalence and location of smoking. Health Education Research, 22(6), 782-93.
Lovato CY, et al. The Impact of School Smoking Policies and Student Perceptions of Enforcement On School Smoking Prevalence and Location of Smoking. Health Educ Res. 2007;22(6):782-93. PubMed PMID: 16987941.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The impact of school smoking policies and student perceptions of enforcement on school smoking prevalence and location of smoking. AU - Lovato,C Y, AU - Sabiston,C M, AU - Hadd,V, AU - Nykiforuk,C I J, AU - Campbell,H S, Y1 - 2006/09/20/ PY - 2006/9/22/pubmed PY - 2008/2/29/medline PY - 2006/9/22/entrez SP - 782 EP - 93 JF - Health education research JO - Health Educ Res VL - 22 IS - 6 N2 - The purpose of this study was to comprehensively assess the impact of school tobacco policy intention, implementation and students' perceptions of policy enforcement on smoking rates and location of tobacco use during the school day. Data were obtained from all students in Grades 10-11 (n = 22,318) in 81 randomly selected schools from five Canadian provinces. Policy intention was assessed by coding written school tobacco policies. School administrators most familiar with the tobacco policy completed a survey to assess policy implementation. Results revealed policy intention and implementation subscales did not significantly predict school smoking prevalence but resulted in moderate prediction of tobacco use on school property (R(2) = 0.21-0.27). Students' perceptions of policy enforcement significantly predicted school smoking prevalence (R(2) = 0.36) and location of tobacco use (R(2) = 0.23-0.63). The research findings emphasize: (i) the need to consider both written policy intention and actual policy implementation and (ii) the existence of a policy is not effective in controlling tobacco use unless the policy is implemented and is perceived to be strongly enforced. SN - 0268-1153 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16987941/The_impact_of_school_smoking_policies_and_student_perceptions_of_enforcement_on_school_smoking_prevalence_and_location_of_smoking_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/her/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/her/cyl102 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -