Two familial cases of high blood galactose of unknown aetiology.J Inherit Metab Dis. 2006 Dec; 29(6):762.JI
We report two male siblings presenting as newborns with increased blood galactose, urinary excretion of galactitol, and normal galactose 1-phosphate on a breast milk diet. A lactose-free diet led to normalization of all metabolites, while reintroduction of galactose in the diet resulted in an accumulation of metabolites. Potential causes of galactosaemia include: (1) activities of three enzymes of galactose metabolism: galactokinase (GALK), galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALT), and uridine diphosphate galactose 4'-epimerase (GALE), (2) portosystemic shunting, (3) Fanconi-Bickel syndrome, (4) tyrosinaemia. Each was excluded with appropriate tests. These two familial cases may represent a novel autosomal or X-linked recessive disorder of galactose metabolism, possibly due to a novel defect in the transport of galactose across the plasma membrane.