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Folate deficiency is associated with nutritional anaemia in Lebanese women of childbearing age.
Public Health Nutr. 2006 Oct; 9(7):921-7.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The objective of this study was to identify the determinants of anaemia in Lebanese women of childbearing age attending health centres in Lebanon.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional study carried out between May and December 2003. Anthropometric measurements as well as sociodemographic, health and dietary intake data were collected using a questionnaire. Haemoglobin (Hb), plasma ferritin, plasma folate and vitamin B12 were assessed using standard laboratory methods.

SETTING

Governmental health centres in Lebanon.

SUBJECTS

Four hundred and seventy non-pregnant Lebanese women aged 15-45 years.

RESULTS

Anaemia (Hb <12 g dl(-1)) and iron deficiency (ferritin <15 microg l(-1)) were prevalent in 16.0 and 27.2% of the study sample, respectively. Of the total sample, 7.7% had iron-deficiency anaemia. The percentage of women with either Hb or ferritin deficiency or both was 35.6%. Plasma folate and vitamin B12 deficiency was reported in 25.1 and 39.4%, respectively, and 12.6% of the women had both folate and vitamin B12 deficiencies. Of the anaemic group, 48.0% of the women had iron deficiency. The intake of iron was lower in iron-deficient than in non-deficient women and a positive relationship was shown between folate intake and its corresponding serum levels. Regression analysis showed that ferritin, plasma folate and family history of anaemia were significant determinants of the anaemia in the sample of women.

CONCLUSIONS

Anaemia not related to iron deficiency was partly explained by plasma folate deficiency. Measures to control folate and iron deficiency should be considered.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, PO Box 11-0236, Riad El Solh, Beirut 1107-2020, Lebanon.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17010258

Citation

Al Khatib, Lynn, et al. "Folate Deficiency Is Associated With Nutritional Anaemia in Lebanese Women of Childbearing Age." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 9, no. 7, 2006, pp. 921-7.
Al Khatib L, Obeid O, Sibai AM, et al. Folate deficiency is associated with nutritional anaemia in Lebanese women of childbearing age. Public Health Nutr. 2006;9(7):921-7.
Al Khatib, L., Obeid, O., Sibai, A. M., Batal, M., Adra, N., & Hwalla, N. (2006). Folate deficiency is associated with nutritional anaemia in Lebanese women of childbearing age. Public Health Nutrition, 9(7), 921-7.
Al Khatib L, et al. Folate Deficiency Is Associated With Nutritional Anaemia in Lebanese Women of Childbearing Age. Public Health Nutr. 2006;9(7):921-7. PubMed PMID: 17010258.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Folate deficiency is associated with nutritional anaemia in Lebanese women of childbearing age. AU - Al Khatib,Lynn, AU - Obeid,Omar, AU - Sibai,Abla-Mehio, AU - Batal,Malek, AU - Adra,Nada, AU - Hwalla,Nahla, PY - 2006/10/3/pubmed PY - 2007/1/24/medline PY - 2006/10/3/entrez SP - 921 EP - 7 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 9 IS - 7 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify the determinants of anaemia in Lebanese women of childbearing age attending health centres in Lebanon. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study carried out between May and December 2003. Anthropometric measurements as well as sociodemographic, health and dietary intake data were collected using a questionnaire. Haemoglobin (Hb), plasma ferritin, plasma folate and vitamin B12 were assessed using standard laboratory methods. SETTING: Governmental health centres in Lebanon. SUBJECTS: Four hundred and seventy non-pregnant Lebanese women aged 15-45 years. RESULTS: Anaemia (Hb <12 g dl(-1)) and iron deficiency (ferritin <15 microg l(-1)) were prevalent in 16.0 and 27.2% of the study sample, respectively. Of the total sample, 7.7% had iron-deficiency anaemia. The percentage of women with either Hb or ferritin deficiency or both was 35.6%. Plasma folate and vitamin B12 deficiency was reported in 25.1 and 39.4%, respectively, and 12.6% of the women had both folate and vitamin B12 deficiencies. Of the anaemic group, 48.0% of the women had iron deficiency. The intake of iron was lower in iron-deficient than in non-deficient women and a positive relationship was shown between folate intake and its corresponding serum levels. Regression analysis showed that ferritin, plasma folate and family history of anaemia were significant determinants of the anaemia in the sample of women. CONCLUSIONS: Anaemia not related to iron deficiency was partly explained by plasma folate deficiency. Measures to control folate and iron deficiency should be considered. SN - 1368-9800 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17010258/Folate_deficiency_is_associated_with_nutritional_anaemia_in_Lebanese_women_of_childbearing_age_ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&amp;PAGE=linkout&amp;SEARCH=17010258.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -