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Occupational asthma.
Med Lav. 2006 Mar-Apr; 97(2):404-9.ML

Abstract

Occupational asthma (OA) is one of the most common forms of occupational lung disease in many industrialized countries, having been implicated in 9 to 15% of adult-onset asthma. Work-related asthma includes: 1. immunologic OA, characterized by a latency period before the onset of symptoms; 2. nonimmunologic OA, which occurs after single or multiple exposures to high concentrations of irritants; 3. work-aggravated asthma, which is pre-existing or concurrent asthma exacerbated by workplace exposures; and 4. variant syndromes. OA is important to recognize clinically, because it has serious medical and socioeconomic consequences. Diagnosis of OA should be confirmed by objective testing early after its onset. Removal of the worker from exposure to the causal agent and early treatment with anti-inflammatory drugs lead to a better outcome. Assessment of the work environment and identification of host factors may provide us with useful information about the mechanisms involved in OA. Another issue concerns strategies for preventing OA which should be implemented.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Section of Hygiene and Occupational Medicine, University of Ferrara, Italy. map@unife.itNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17017377

Citation

Mapp, Cristina E., et al. "Occupational Asthma." La Medicina Del Lavoro, vol. 97, no. 2, 2006, pp. 404-9.
Mapp CE, Miotto D, Boschetto P. Occupational asthma. Med Lav. 2006;97(2):404-9.
Mapp, C. E., Miotto, D., & Boschetto, P. (2006). Occupational asthma. La Medicina Del Lavoro, 97(2), 404-9.
Mapp CE, Miotto D, Boschetto P. Occupational Asthma. Med Lav. 2006 Mar-Apr;97(2):404-9. PubMed PMID: 17017377.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Occupational asthma. AU - Mapp,Cristina E, AU - Miotto,Deborah, AU - Boschetto,Piera, PY - 2006/10/5/pubmed PY - 2007/2/17/medline PY - 2006/10/5/entrez SP - 404 EP - 9 JF - La Medicina del lavoro JO - Med Lav VL - 97 IS - 2 N2 - Occupational asthma (OA) is one of the most common forms of occupational lung disease in many industrialized countries, having been implicated in 9 to 15% of adult-onset asthma. Work-related asthma includes: 1. immunologic OA, characterized by a latency period before the onset of symptoms; 2. nonimmunologic OA, which occurs after single or multiple exposures to high concentrations of irritants; 3. work-aggravated asthma, which is pre-existing or concurrent asthma exacerbated by workplace exposures; and 4. variant syndromes. OA is important to recognize clinically, because it has serious medical and socioeconomic consequences. Diagnosis of OA should be confirmed by objective testing early after its onset. Removal of the worker from exposure to the causal agent and early treatment with anti-inflammatory drugs lead to a better outcome. Assessment of the work environment and identification of host factors may provide us with useful information about the mechanisms involved in OA. Another issue concerns strategies for preventing OA which should be implemented. SN - 0025-7818 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17017377/Occupational_asthma_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/633 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -