Region-dependent regulation of mesoaccumbens dopamine neurons in vivo by the constitutive activity of central serotonin2C receptors.J Neurochem. 2006 Nov; 99(4):1311-9.JN
Central serotonin2C receptors (5-HT(2C)Rs) control the mesoaccumbens dopamine (DA) pathway. This control involves the constitutive activity (CA) of 5-HT(2C)Rs, and is thought to engage regionally distinct populations of 5-HT(2C)Rs, leading to opposite functional effects. Here, using in vivo microdialysis in halothane-anesthetized rats, we investigated the relative contribution of ventral tegmental area (VTA) and nucleus accumbens shell (NAc) 5-HT(2C)Rs in the phasic/tonic control of accumbal DA release, to specifically identify the nature (inhibition/excitation) of the control, and the role of the 5-HT(2C)R CA. Intra-VTA injections of the selective 5-HT(2C)R antagonists SB 242084 and/or SB 243213 (0.1-0.5 microg/0.2 microL) prevented the decrease in accumbal DA outflow induced by the 5-HT(2C)R agonist Ro 60-0175 (3 mg/kg, i.p), but did not affect the increase in DA outflow induced by the 5-HT(2C)R inverse agonist SB 206553 (5 mg/kg, i.p). Intra-NAc infusions of SB 242084 (0.1-1 microM) blocked Ro 60-0175- and SB 206553-induced changes of DA outflow. Intra-NAc, but not intra-VTA administration of SB 206553 increased basal DA outflow. These findings demonstrate that both VTA and NAc 5-HT(2C)Rs participate in the inhibitory control exerted by 5-HT(2C)Rs on accumbal DA release, and that the NAc shell may represent a primary action site for the CA of 5-HT(2C)Rs.