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Breastfeeding practices and associated factors among children under 24 months of age in Timor-Leste.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2007 Mar; 61(3):387-97.EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To describe breastfeeding practices and to assess the sociodemographic factors associated with selected breastfeeding indicators.

DESIGN AND SETTING

The 2003 Demographic and Health Survey was a multi-stage cluster sample survey of 4320 households from four different geographic areas in Timor-Leste.

SUBJECTS

A total of 2162 children aged 0-23 months.

RESULTS

A high proportion (97.6%) of infants had been ever breastfed, but only 46.1% had initiated breastfeeding within the first hour of birth. Seventy-eight percent of children <24 months were currently breastfed, 30.7% of infants <6 months were exclusively breastfed and 12.5% of infants <12 months were bottle-fed. A high proportion of infants of 6-9 months (82.0%) were receiving complementary food in addition to breast milk. Multivariate analysis revealed that exclusive breastfeeding was significantly lower in the rural west region (odds ratio (OR)=3.15) compared to the urban region, and among those from richest households (OR=1.90) compared to poorest. Mothers with primary education were significantly more likely to exclusively breastfeed than mothers with no education (OR=0.62). Increasing age of the infant was associated with significantly less current (OR=1.23) and exclusive (OR=1.35) breastfeeding. Continuation of breastfeeding at the end of the first year was significantly lower in non-working mothers (OR=1.58) compared to working mothers, and among infants born in health-care facilities (OR=2.16) than those born at home.

CONCLUSIONS

Breastfeeding practices in Timor-Leste were satisfactory, except the exclusive breastfeeding at 6 months. However, more socioeconomically privileged groups demonstrated a poorer breastfeeding performance than disadvantaged groups. Further breastfeeding promotion programmes are needed across all population groups, and should include health-care providers and maternity institutions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17021597

Citation

Senarath, U, et al. "Breastfeeding Practices and Associated Factors Among Children Under 24 Months of Age in Timor-Leste." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 61, no. 3, 2007, pp. 387-97.
Senarath U, Dibley MJ, Agho KE. Breastfeeding practices and associated factors among children under 24 months of age in Timor-Leste. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2007;61(3):387-97.
Senarath, U., Dibley, M. J., & Agho, K. E. (2007). Breastfeeding practices and associated factors among children under 24 months of age in Timor-Leste. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 61(3), 387-97.
Senarath U, Dibley MJ, Agho KE. Breastfeeding Practices and Associated Factors Among Children Under 24 Months of Age in Timor-Leste. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2007;61(3):387-97. PubMed PMID: 17021597.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Breastfeeding practices and associated factors among children under 24 months of age in Timor-Leste. AU - Senarath,U, AU - Dibley,M J, AU - Agho,K E, Y1 - 2006/10/04/ PY - 2006/10/6/pubmed PY - 2007/4/24/medline PY - 2006/10/6/entrez SP - 387 EP - 97 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 61 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To describe breastfeeding practices and to assess the sociodemographic factors associated with selected breastfeeding indicators. DESIGN AND SETTING: The 2003 Demographic and Health Survey was a multi-stage cluster sample survey of 4320 households from four different geographic areas in Timor-Leste. SUBJECTS: A total of 2162 children aged 0-23 months. RESULTS: A high proportion (97.6%) of infants had been ever breastfed, but only 46.1% had initiated breastfeeding within the first hour of birth. Seventy-eight percent of children <24 months were currently breastfed, 30.7% of infants <6 months were exclusively breastfed and 12.5% of infants <12 months were bottle-fed. A high proportion of infants of 6-9 months (82.0%) were receiving complementary food in addition to breast milk. Multivariate analysis revealed that exclusive breastfeeding was significantly lower in the rural west region (odds ratio (OR)=3.15) compared to the urban region, and among those from richest households (OR=1.90) compared to poorest. Mothers with primary education were significantly more likely to exclusively breastfeed than mothers with no education (OR=0.62). Increasing age of the infant was associated with significantly less current (OR=1.23) and exclusive (OR=1.35) breastfeeding. Continuation of breastfeeding at the end of the first year was significantly lower in non-working mothers (OR=1.58) compared to working mothers, and among infants born in health-care facilities (OR=2.16) than those born at home. CONCLUSIONS: Breastfeeding practices in Timor-Leste were satisfactory, except the exclusive breastfeeding at 6 months. However, more socioeconomically privileged groups demonstrated a poorer breastfeeding performance than disadvantaged groups. Further breastfeeding promotion programmes are needed across all population groups, and should include health-care providers and maternity institutions. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17021597/Breastfeeding_practices_and_associated_factors_among_children_under_24_months_of_age_in_Timor_Leste_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602536 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -