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Intake of macronutrients as predictors of 5-y changes in waist circumference.
Am J Clin Nutr. 2006 Oct; 84(4):789-97.AJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The diet may influence the development of abdominal obesity, but the few studies that have prospectively examined the relations between diet and changes in waist circumference (WC) have given inconsistent results.

OBJECTIVE

Associations between total energy intake, energy intake from macronutrients, and energy intake from macronutrient subgroups based on different food sources and 5-y differences in WC (DWC) were investigated.

DESIGN

A Danish cohort of 22 570 women and 20 126 men aged 50-64 y with baseline data on WC, diet, BMI, and potential confounders reported their WC 5 y later. Associations of baseline diet with DWC were assessed by multiple linear regression analysis.

RESULTS

Neither total energy intake nor energy intake from each of the macronutrients was associated with DWC, except for an inverse association with protein, especially animal protein. In women, positive associations with DWC were seen for carbohydrate from refined grains and potatoes and from foods with simple sugars, whereas carbohydrate from fruit and vegetables was inversely associated and significantly different from any other carbohydrate subgroup. The results for men resembled those for women, although none were significant. Vegetable fat was positively associated with DWC for both men and women in a combined analysis. A U-shaped association between alcohol from wine and DWC was present for both sexes, and alcohol from spirits was positively associated with DWC in women.

CONCLUSIONS

Although no significant associations with total energy or energy from fat, carbohydrate, or alcohol were observed, protein intake was inversely related to DWC, and some macronutrient subgroups were significantly associated with DWC.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Danish Epidemiology Science Centre, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark. jytteh@cancer.dkNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17023705

Citation

Halkjaer, Jytte, et al. "Intake of Macronutrients as Predictors of 5-y Changes in Waist Circumference." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 84, no. 4, 2006, pp. 789-97.
Halkjaer J, Tjønneland A, Thomsen BL, et al. Intake of macronutrients as predictors of 5-y changes in waist circumference. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006;84(4):789-97.
Halkjaer, J., Tjønneland, A., Thomsen, B. L., Overvad, K., & Sørensen, T. I. (2006). Intake of macronutrients as predictors of 5-y changes in waist circumference. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 84(4), 789-97.
Halkjaer J, et al. Intake of Macronutrients as Predictors of 5-y Changes in Waist Circumference. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006;84(4):789-97. PubMed PMID: 17023705.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Intake of macronutrients as predictors of 5-y changes in waist circumference. AU - Halkjaer,Jytte, AU - Tjønneland,Anne, AU - Thomsen,Birthe L, AU - Overvad,Kim, AU - Sørensen,Thorkild I A, PY - 2006/10/7/pubmed PY - 2006/11/2/medline PY - 2006/10/7/entrez SP - 789 EP - 97 JF - The American journal of clinical nutrition JO - Am J Clin Nutr VL - 84 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: The diet may influence the development of abdominal obesity, but the few studies that have prospectively examined the relations between diet and changes in waist circumference (WC) have given inconsistent results. OBJECTIVE: Associations between total energy intake, energy intake from macronutrients, and energy intake from macronutrient subgroups based on different food sources and 5-y differences in WC (DWC) were investigated. DESIGN: A Danish cohort of 22 570 women and 20 126 men aged 50-64 y with baseline data on WC, diet, BMI, and potential confounders reported their WC 5 y later. Associations of baseline diet with DWC were assessed by multiple linear regression analysis. RESULTS: Neither total energy intake nor energy intake from each of the macronutrients was associated with DWC, except for an inverse association with protein, especially animal protein. In women, positive associations with DWC were seen for carbohydrate from refined grains and potatoes and from foods with simple sugars, whereas carbohydrate from fruit and vegetables was inversely associated and significantly different from any other carbohydrate subgroup. The results for men resembled those for women, although none were significant. Vegetable fat was positively associated with DWC for both men and women in a combined analysis. A U-shaped association between alcohol from wine and DWC was present for both sexes, and alcohol from spirits was positively associated with DWC in women. CONCLUSIONS: Although no significant associations with total energy or energy from fat, carbohydrate, or alcohol were observed, protein intake was inversely related to DWC, and some macronutrient subgroups were significantly associated with DWC. SN - 0002-9165 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17023705/Intake_of_macronutrients_as_predictors_of_5_y_changes_in_waist_circumference_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ajcn/84.4.789 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -