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Oral health, dental anxiety, and behavior management problems in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Eur J Oral Sci. 2006 Oct; 114(5):385-90.EJ

Abstract

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common developmental disorder. The aim of this study was to investigate whether children with ADHD have a higher caries prevalence, a higher degree of dental anxiety, or more dental behavior management problems (BMP) than children of a control group. Twenty-five children with ADHD and a control group of 58 children, all aged 11 yr, were included in the study. The children underwent a clinical dental examination, and bitewing radiographs were taken. The parents completed the Dental Subscale of Children's Fear Survey Schedule (CFSS-DS). Dental records from the subjects were obtained, and data regarding notes on behavior management problems (BMP) of the children when between 3 and 10 yr of age were compiled. Compared with controls, children with ADHD had significantly higher decayed, missing or filled surfaces (DMFS) (2.0 +/- 3.0 vs. 1.0 +/- 1.5) and significantly higher decayed surfaces (DS) (1.7 +/- 3.6 vs. 0.5 +/- 0.9). Differences between the groups regarding CFSS-DS scores were non-significant. In the ADHD group, the prevalence of BMP increased when the children were between 7 and 9 yr of age. In conclusion, children with ADHD exhibited a higher caries prevalence, did not exhibit a higher degree of dental anxiety, and had more BMP than children of a control group.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. My.Blomqvist@ki.seNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17026503

Citation

Blomqvist, My, et al. "Oral Health, Dental Anxiety, and Behavior Management Problems in Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder." European Journal of Oral Sciences, vol. 114, no. 5, 2006, pp. 385-90.
Blomqvist M, Holmberg K, Fernell E, et al. Oral health, dental anxiety, and behavior management problems in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Eur J Oral Sci. 2006;114(5):385-90.
Blomqvist, M., Holmberg, K., Fernell, E., Ek, U., & Dahllöf, G. (2006). Oral health, dental anxiety, and behavior management problems in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. European Journal of Oral Sciences, 114(5), 385-90.
Blomqvist M, et al. Oral Health, Dental Anxiety, and Behavior Management Problems in Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Eur J Oral Sci. 2006;114(5):385-90. PubMed PMID: 17026503.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Oral health, dental anxiety, and behavior management problems in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. AU - Blomqvist,My, AU - Holmberg,Kirsten, AU - Fernell,Elisabeth, AU - Ek,Ulla, AU - Dahllöf,Göran, PY - 2006/10/10/pubmed PY - 2007/1/11/medline PY - 2006/10/10/entrez SP - 385 EP - 90 JF - European journal of oral sciences JO - Eur J Oral Sci VL - 114 IS - 5 N2 - Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common developmental disorder. The aim of this study was to investigate whether children with ADHD have a higher caries prevalence, a higher degree of dental anxiety, or more dental behavior management problems (BMP) than children of a control group. Twenty-five children with ADHD and a control group of 58 children, all aged 11 yr, were included in the study. The children underwent a clinical dental examination, and bitewing radiographs were taken. The parents completed the Dental Subscale of Children's Fear Survey Schedule (CFSS-DS). Dental records from the subjects were obtained, and data regarding notes on behavior management problems (BMP) of the children when between 3 and 10 yr of age were compiled. Compared with controls, children with ADHD had significantly higher decayed, missing or filled surfaces (DMFS) (2.0 +/- 3.0 vs. 1.0 +/- 1.5) and significantly higher decayed surfaces (DS) (1.7 +/- 3.6 vs. 0.5 +/- 0.9). Differences between the groups regarding CFSS-DS scores were non-significant. In the ADHD group, the prevalence of BMP increased when the children were between 7 and 9 yr of age. In conclusion, children with ADHD exhibited a higher caries prevalence, did not exhibit a higher degree of dental anxiety, and had more BMP than children of a control group. SN - 0909-8836 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17026503/Oral_health_dental_anxiety_and_behavior_management_problems_in_children_with_attention_deficit_hyperactivity_disorder_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0722.2006.00393.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -