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Prevalence of respiratory viruses, including newly identified viruses, in hospitalised children in Austria.
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2006 Nov; 25(11):681-6.EJ

Abstract

The aim of this epidemiological study was to determine the prevalence of respiratory viruses, including new viruses, in hospitalised children in Austria. Two hundred fourteen nasopharyngeal samples from hospitalised children were tested for the presence of viruses using cell culture and PCR and/or viral antigen assays. The results revealed a parainfluenza virus 1 (PIV1) outbreak that ended right before the onset of the influenza season, with nearly no overlapping, moderate respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) activity, and only a few adenoviruses. Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) was present in 14.5% of the total samples but was detected in combination with other viruses in only five cases: with PIV1 in three cases and with RSV in two cases. There were no cases of dual infection with hMPV and flu or adenovirus. This suggests that hMPV alone is a leading cause of hospitalisation in children under 1 year of age. Interestingly, hMPV, in contrast to RSV, coincided with PIV1 but was absent during the community outbreak of the flu. Samples were also tested for Mimiviridae, a group of newly described DNA viruses that are similar to Legionella spp., replicate in water amoebae, and also have been found in alveolar cells. However, mimivirus was detected neither in respiratory samples nor in amoebae-containing water samples, indicating that this particular type of virus is either not abundant or does not contribute to paediatric respiratory illnesses.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Hygiene, Microbiology and Social Medicine, Innsbruck Medical University, Fritz-Pregl-Str. 3, R.301, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17036151

Citation

Larcher, C, et al. "Prevalence of Respiratory Viruses, Including Newly Identified Viruses, in Hospitalised Children in Austria." European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases : Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 25, no. 11, 2006, pp. 681-6.
Larcher C, Jeller V, Fischer H, et al. Prevalence of respiratory viruses, including newly identified viruses, in hospitalised children in Austria. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2006;25(11):681-6.
Larcher, C., Jeller, V., Fischer, H., & Huemer, H. P. (2006). Prevalence of respiratory viruses, including newly identified viruses, in hospitalised children in Austria. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases : Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology, 25(11), 681-6.
Larcher C, et al. Prevalence of Respiratory Viruses, Including Newly Identified Viruses, in Hospitalised Children in Austria. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2006;25(11):681-6. PubMed PMID: 17036151.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of respiratory viruses, including newly identified viruses, in hospitalised children in Austria. AU - Larcher,C, AU - Jeller,V, AU - Fischer,H, AU - Huemer,H P, PY - 2006/10/13/pubmed PY - 2007/1/24/medline PY - 2006/10/13/entrez SP - 681 EP - 6 JF - European journal of clinical microbiology & infectious diseases : official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology JO - Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. VL - 25 IS - 11 N2 - The aim of this epidemiological study was to determine the prevalence of respiratory viruses, including new viruses, in hospitalised children in Austria. Two hundred fourteen nasopharyngeal samples from hospitalised children were tested for the presence of viruses using cell culture and PCR and/or viral antigen assays. The results revealed a parainfluenza virus 1 (PIV1) outbreak that ended right before the onset of the influenza season, with nearly no overlapping, moderate respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) activity, and only a few adenoviruses. Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) was present in 14.5% of the total samples but was detected in combination with other viruses in only five cases: with PIV1 in three cases and with RSV in two cases. There were no cases of dual infection with hMPV and flu or adenovirus. This suggests that hMPV alone is a leading cause of hospitalisation in children under 1 year of age. Interestingly, hMPV, in contrast to RSV, coincided with PIV1 but was absent during the community outbreak of the flu. Samples were also tested for Mimiviridae, a group of newly described DNA viruses that are similar to Legionella spp., replicate in water amoebae, and also have been found in alveolar cells. However, mimivirus was detected neither in respiratory samples nor in amoebae-containing water samples, indicating that this particular type of virus is either not abundant or does not contribute to paediatric respiratory illnesses. SN - 0934-9723 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17036151/Prevalence_of_respiratory_viruses_including_newly_identified_viruses_in_hospitalised_children_in_Austria_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10096-006-0214-z DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -