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[The effect of interleukin-7 and interleukin-15 on the production of Th1 and Th2 cytokines by peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with tuberculosis].
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi. 2006 Jun; 29(6):403-6.ZJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To investigate the effect of interleukin-7 and interleukin-15 on the production of Th1 cytokines interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and Th2 cytokines interleukin-4 (IL-4), IL-10 by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from patients with tuberculosis.

METHODS

Peripheral blood was obtained from 60 tuberculosis patients and 25 healthy controls with a positive tuberculin test. PBMCs were isolated by centrifugation on a Ficoll-hypaque density gradient. According to the different stimulators, each sample was divided into six groups: RPMI-1640 group, PPD group, PPD + IL-7 group, PPD + anti-IL-7 group, PPD + IL-15 group, and PPD + anti-IL-15 group. The samples were cultured for 72 h and the supernatants were collected. The levels of IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, IL-4 and IL-10 in the supernatants were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

RESULTS

Compared with the PPD group, IL-7 increased the production of IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha in the patients [(107 +/- 42) ng/L to (157 +/- 74) ng/L, (460 +/- 128) ng/L to (887 +/- 242) ng/L, respectively], but decreased the production of IL-4 and IL-10 [(58 +/- 15) ng/L to (31 +/- 9) ng/L, (153 +/- 40) ng/L to (112 +/- 32) ng/L, respectively]; IL-7 also increased the production of IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha in the healthy controls [(211 +/- 57) ng/L to (292 +/- 92) ng/L, (1,203 +/- 390) ng/L to (1,722 +/- 503) ng/L, respectively], and decreased the production of IL-4 and IL-10 [(43 +/- 13) ng/L to (36 +/- 11) ng/L, (135 +/- 37) ng/L to (96 +/- 36) ng/L, respectively]. IL-15 increased the production of IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha in the patients [(107 +/- 42) ng/L to (231 +/- 62) ng/L, (460 +/- 128) ng/L to (843 +/- 208) ng/L, respectively], but decreased the production of IL-4 and IL-10 [(58 +/- 15) ng/L to (37 +/- 9) ng/L, (153 +/- 40) ng/L to (116 +/- 41) ng/L, respectively]; IL-15 also increased the production of IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha in the healthy controls [(211 +/- 57) ng/L to (343 +/- 108) ng/L, (1,203 +/- 390) ng/L to (1,468 +/- 235) ng/L, respectively], and decreased the production of IL-4 and IL-10 [(43 +/- 13) ng/L to (36 +/- 8) ng/L, (135 +/- 37) ng/L to (90 +/- 35) ng/L , respectively]. Anti-IL-7 and anti-IL-15 decreased the production of IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha, but increased the production of IL-4 and IL-10. The levels of IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha were lower in tuberculosis patients than those in the healthy controls (P < 0.05). The levels of IL-4 and IL-10 were not different between the two groups (P > 0.05).

CONCLUSION

IL-7 and IL-15 could affect the balance between Th1 and Th2 cytokines by inducing IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha production and inhibiting IL-4 and IL-10 expression. It is suggested that IL-7 and IL-15 may enhance the defense against infection of tuberculosis, and therefore may be useful for the treatment of the disease.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College, Guizhou 563003, China.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

chi

PubMed ID

17045026

Citation

Yang, Xiao-min, et al. "[The Effect of Interleukin-7 and Interleukin-15 On the Production of Th1 and Th2 Cytokines By Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells From Patients With Tuberculosis]." Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi = Zhonghua Jiehe He Huxi Zazhi = Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases, vol. 29, no. 6, 2006, pp. 403-6.
Yang XM, Dong DQ, Li C, et al. [The effect of interleukin-7 and interleukin-15 on the production of Th1 and Th2 cytokines by peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with tuberculosis]. Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi. 2006;29(6):403-6.
Yang, X. M., Dong, D. Q., Li, C., & Yang, Y. H. (2006). [The effect of interleukin-7 and interleukin-15 on the production of Th1 and Th2 cytokines by peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with tuberculosis]. Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi = Zhonghua Jiehe He Huxi Zazhi = Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases, 29(6), 403-6.
Yang XM, et al. [The Effect of Interleukin-7 and Interleukin-15 On the Production of Th1 and Th2 Cytokines By Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells From Patients With Tuberculosis]. Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi. 2006;29(6):403-6. PubMed PMID: 17045026.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [The effect of interleukin-7 and interleukin-15 on the production of Th1 and Th2 cytokines by peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with tuberculosis]. AU - Yang,Xiao-min, AU - Dong,De-qiong, AU - Li,Chang, AU - Yang,Yu-hao, PY - 2006/10/19/pubmed PY - 2010/9/8/medline PY - 2006/10/19/entrez SP - 403 EP - 6 JF - Zhonghua jie he he hu xi za zhi = Zhonghua jiehe he huxi zazhi = Chinese journal of tuberculosis and respiratory diseases JO - Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi VL - 29 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of interleukin-7 and interleukin-15 on the production of Th1 cytokines interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and Th2 cytokines interleukin-4 (IL-4), IL-10 by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from patients with tuberculosis. METHODS: Peripheral blood was obtained from 60 tuberculosis patients and 25 healthy controls with a positive tuberculin test. PBMCs were isolated by centrifugation on a Ficoll-hypaque density gradient. According to the different stimulators, each sample was divided into six groups: RPMI-1640 group, PPD group, PPD + IL-7 group, PPD + anti-IL-7 group, PPD + IL-15 group, and PPD + anti-IL-15 group. The samples were cultured for 72 h and the supernatants were collected. The levels of IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, IL-4 and IL-10 in the supernatants were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: Compared with the PPD group, IL-7 increased the production of IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha in the patients [(107 +/- 42) ng/L to (157 +/- 74) ng/L, (460 +/- 128) ng/L to (887 +/- 242) ng/L, respectively], but decreased the production of IL-4 and IL-10 [(58 +/- 15) ng/L to (31 +/- 9) ng/L, (153 +/- 40) ng/L to (112 +/- 32) ng/L, respectively]; IL-7 also increased the production of IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha in the healthy controls [(211 +/- 57) ng/L to (292 +/- 92) ng/L, (1,203 +/- 390) ng/L to (1,722 +/- 503) ng/L, respectively], and decreased the production of IL-4 and IL-10 [(43 +/- 13) ng/L to (36 +/- 11) ng/L, (135 +/- 37) ng/L to (96 +/- 36) ng/L, respectively]. IL-15 increased the production of IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha in the patients [(107 +/- 42) ng/L to (231 +/- 62) ng/L, (460 +/- 128) ng/L to (843 +/- 208) ng/L, respectively], but decreased the production of IL-4 and IL-10 [(58 +/- 15) ng/L to (37 +/- 9) ng/L, (153 +/- 40) ng/L to (116 +/- 41) ng/L, respectively]; IL-15 also increased the production of IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha in the healthy controls [(211 +/- 57) ng/L to (343 +/- 108) ng/L, (1,203 +/- 390) ng/L to (1,468 +/- 235) ng/L, respectively], and decreased the production of IL-4 and IL-10 [(43 +/- 13) ng/L to (36 +/- 8) ng/L, (135 +/- 37) ng/L to (90 +/- 35) ng/L , respectively]. Anti-IL-7 and anti-IL-15 decreased the production of IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha, but increased the production of IL-4 and IL-10. The levels of IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha were lower in tuberculosis patients than those in the healthy controls (P < 0.05). The levels of IL-4 and IL-10 were not different between the two groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: IL-7 and IL-15 could affect the balance between Th1 and Th2 cytokines by inducing IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha production and inhibiting IL-4 and IL-10 expression. It is suggested that IL-7 and IL-15 may enhance the defense against infection of tuberculosis, and therefore may be useful for the treatment of the disease. SN - 1001-0939 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17045026/[The_effect_of_interleukin_7_and_interleukin_15_on_the_production_of_Th1_and_Th2_cytokines_by_peripheral_blood_mononuclear_cells_from_patients_with_tuberculosis]_ L2 - http://journal.yiigle.com/LinkIn.do?linkin_type=pubmed&amp;issn=1001-0939&amp;year=2006&amp;vol=29&amp;issue=6&amp;fpage=403 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -