Improvement of pulmonary function and dyspnea by tiotropium in COPD patients using a transdermal beta(2)-agonist.Pulm Pharmacol Ther. 2007; 20(6):701-7.PP
A combination of bronchodilators may be effective in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We examined the effect of adding a long-acting anti-cholinergic agent (tiotropium) to a transdermal-type beta(2)-agonist (tulobuterol) on dyspnea as well as pulmonary function.
In a multicentre, randomized, parallel design study, 60 COPD patients treated with the transdermal beta(2)-agonist tulobuterol were divided into a tiotropium added group (Tulo+Tio group, n=40) or transdermal beta(2)-agonist tulobuterol alone group (Tulo group, n=20), and then treated for 4 weeks after a 2 week run-in period. Pulmonary function and a dyspnea (Medical Research Council (MRC)) scale were assessed before and after the treatment. Daily peak expiratory flow (PEF) monitoring was also performed.
After 4 weeks, the Tulo+Tio group showed a significant increase in pulmonary function compared with the Tulo group; DeltaFVC (0.31+/-0.06 L vs. 0.06+/-0.05 L, p< 0.01), DeltaFEV(1) (0.15+/-0.03 L vs. -0.02+/-0.02 L, p<0.0001), and DeltaPEF (41.0+/-5.1 L/min vs. 0.5+/-3.5 L/min, p<0.0001). The MRC dyspnea scale was also significantly improved in Tulo+Tio, but not in Tulo group.
These results suggest that tiotropium caused a significant improvement in both pulmonary function and dyspnea in COPD patients already treated with the transdermal beta(2)-agonist tulobuterol.