Potentially modifiable metabolic factors and the risk of cardiovascular disease hospitalizations in urban African Americans with diabetes.Ethn Dis. 2006 Autumn; 16(4):852-8.ED
Diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) are frequent causes of hospitalization in African Americans but have rarely been studied as coexisting diagnoses. We analyzed data from an urban African American diabetes patient population to identify variables associated with CVD hospitalizations.
Demographic, disease, and metabolic characteristics of patients seen from 1991 to 1997 were extracted from an electronic patient tracking system. Data were linked to a statewide hospital discharge dataset to establish who was hospitalized between 1998 and 2001. Patients with a CVD hospitalization were compared to patients without a CVD hospitalization.
3397 diabetes patients (average age, 56 years; 65% women; 92% African American) were included in the analysis; 24% had hospitalizations primarily due to CVD. Persons with CVD hospitalizations were older and had diabetes longer, and fewer were women. Mean systolic blood pressure (SBP), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglyceride, and total cholesterol levels and urinary albumin/creatinine ratio were all higher among persons with CVD hospitalizations. In adjusted analyses, women had lower odds of experiencing a CVD hospitalization, but advancing age, diabetes duration, SBP, and LDL cholesterol were all associated with greater odds.
In this predominantly African American patient sample with diabetes, specific factors (age, sex, diabetes duration, LDL cholesterol, SBP) were associated with CVD hospitalizations. Additional studies are needed to determine whether management of metabolic risk factors in outpatient settings will translate into lower hospitalization rates due to CVD in this population.