Stability of vancomycin in icodextrin peritoneal dialysis solution.Ann Pharmacother 2006; 40(11):1950-4AP
Icodextrin is a glucose polymer used as an alternative osmotic agent in peritoneal dialysis (PD) solutions. There are few data regarding the long-term stability of vancomycin in icodextrin PD solution.
To determine the chemical stability of vancomycin in icodextrin PD solution in polyvinyl chloride containers over a 7 day period at 4, 24, and 37 degrees C.
Study samples were prepared by adding 2000 mg vancomycin HCl to commercially available 2.0 L bags of icodextrin 7.5% PD solution. Nine bags were prepared and stored in the following conditions: 3 under refrigeration (5 degrees C), 3 at room temperature (24 degrees C), and 3 at body temperature (37 degrees C). Samples were withdrawn from each bag immediately after preparation and at predetermined intervals over the subsequent 7 days. Solutions were visually inspected for precipitation, cloudiness, or discoloration at each sampling interval. Total concentration of vancomycin in dialysate fluid was determined by high performance liquid chromatography.
Under refrigeration, a mean +/- SD of 99.7% +/- 0.5% of the initial vancomycin concentration remained at 168 hours (7 days). At room temperature, 97.5% +/- 3.4% remained at 168 hours. At body temperature, 94.3% +/- 3.9% remained at 24 hours. Stability was not assessed beyond these time points.
Premixed vancomycin-icodextrin PD solutions, whether stored refrigerated or at room temperature, were found to be stable for up to 7 days. However, we recommend that these solutions be kept refrigerated whenever possible. Solutions stored at body temperature were stable for up to 24 hours, permitting the practice of prewarming solutions prior to administration.