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Epidemiology of bat rabies in Germany.
Arch Virol. 2007 Feb; 152(2):273-88.AV

Abstract

Rabies in European bats was first reported in Germany in 1954. In concordance with Denmark and the Netherlands, Germany has reported one of the highest numbers (n = 187) of European bat lyssavirus (EBLV)-positive cases in bats in Europe so far (1954-2005). A combined descriptive epidemiological and phylogenetic analysis on bat rabies and prevailing EBLVs is presented, comprising the past 50 years. So far, only the two lineages of EBLV-1 (genotype 5), a and b, have been detected. Although only 50% of the rabies-positive bats have been identified by species, the Serotine bat (Eptesicus serotinus) is the bat species most frequently infected. Single rabies cases have also been detected in a further five indigenous bat species. There is proven evidence for a substantial bias in the frequency of bat rabies cases in the north of Germany, with an endemic cluster in the northwesternmost low-lying plain areas adjacent to the Netherlands and Denmark. Improvements to bat rabies surveillance and research are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute for Epidemiology, WHO Collaborating Centre for Rabies Surveillance and Research, OIE Reference Laboratory for Rabies, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Wusterhausen, Germany. thomas.mueller@fli.bund.deNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Historical Article
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17066249

Citation

Müller, T, et al. "Epidemiology of Bat Rabies in Germany." Archives of Virology, vol. 152, no. 2, 2007, pp. 273-88.
Müller T, Johnson N, Freuling CM, et al. Epidemiology of bat rabies in Germany. Arch Virol. 2007;152(2):273-88.
Müller, T., Johnson, N., Freuling, C. M., Fooks, A. R., Selhorst, T., & Vos, A. (2007). Epidemiology of bat rabies in Germany. Archives of Virology, 152(2), 273-88.
Müller T, et al. Epidemiology of Bat Rabies in Germany. Arch Virol. 2007;152(2):273-88. PubMed PMID: 17066249.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Epidemiology of bat rabies in Germany. AU - Müller,T, AU - Johnson,N, AU - Freuling,C M, AU - Fooks,A R, AU - Selhorst,T, AU - Vos,A, Y1 - 2006/10/27/ PY - 2006/05/18/received PY - 2006/08/08/accepted PY - 2006/10/27/pubmed PY - 2007/4/18/medline PY - 2006/10/27/entrez SP - 273 EP - 88 JF - Archives of virology JO - Arch Virol VL - 152 IS - 2 N2 - Rabies in European bats was first reported in Germany in 1954. In concordance with Denmark and the Netherlands, Germany has reported one of the highest numbers (n = 187) of European bat lyssavirus (EBLV)-positive cases in bats in Europe so far (1954-2005). A combined descriptive epidemiological and phylogenetic analysis on bat rabies and prevailing EBLVs is presented, comprising the past 50 years. So far, only the two lineages of EBLV-1 (genotype 5), a and b, have been detected. Although only 50% of the rabies-positive bats have been identified by species, the Serotine bat (Eptesicus serotinus) is the bat species most frequently infected. Single rabies cases have also been detected in a further five indigenous bat species. There is proven evidence for a substantial bias in the frequency of bat rabies cases in the north of Germany, with an endemic cluster in the northwesternmost low-lying plain areas adjacent to the Netherlands and Denmark. Improvements to bat rabies surveillance and research are discussed. SN - 0304-8608 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17066249/Epidemiology_of_bat_rabies_in_Germany_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00705-006-0853-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -