A simple and rapid electrophoretic method to characterize simple phenols, lignans, complex phenols, phenolic acids, and flavonoids in extra-virgin olive oil.J Sep Sci. 2006 Sep; 29(14):2221-33.JS
We have devised a simple and rapid capillary electrophoretic method which provides the analyst with a useful tool for the characterization of the polyphenolic fraction of extra-virgin olive oil. This method that uses a capillary with 50 microm id and a total length of 47 cm (40 cm to the detector) with a detection window of 100 x 200 microm, and a buffer solution containing 45 mM of sodium tetraborate pH 9.3 offers valuable information about all the families of compounds present in the polar fraction of the olive oil. The detection was carried out by UV absorption at 200, 240, 280, and 330 nm in order to facilitate the identification of the compounds. Concretely, the method permits the identification of simple phenols, lignans, complex phenols (isomeric forms of secoiridoids), phenolic acids, and flavonoids in the SPE-Diol extracts from extra-virgin olive oil in a short time (less than 10 min) and provides a satisfactory resolution. Peak identification was done by comparing both migration time and spectral data obtained from olive oil samples and standards (commercial or isolated (by HPLC-MS) standards), with spiked methanol-water extracts of olive oil with HPLC-collected compounds and commercially available standards at several concentration levels, studying the information of the electropherograms obtained at several wavelengths and also using the information previously reported.