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Emotional reactivity modulates autonomic responses to an acoustic challenge in quail.
Physiol Behav. 2007 Jan 30; 90(1):165-71.PB

Abstract

Emotional reactivity modulates autonomic responses to an acoustic challenge in quail. Physio Behav 00(0) 000-000, 2006. This study investigated the relationship between emotional reactivity and behavioral and autonomic responses to an acoustic stimulus in quail. It was hypothesized that birds with high emotional reactivity would have higher motor inhibition combined with higher sympathetic activation than birds with low emotional reactivity. Two experiments were performed. The first looked for correlations between emotional reactivity, evaluated by a tonic immobility test, and motor and Heart Rate Variability in relation to an acoustic stimulus. The second experiment compared the motor and autonomic responses to the acoustic stimulus of quail selected on either long (LTI) or short (STI) duration of tonic immobility. The first experiment showed that the acoustic stimulation induced motor inhibition and cardiac activation. Correlations were found between tonic immobility duration and both autonomic activity before stimulation and sympathovagal balance after stimulation. In the second experiment, LTI quail showed strong sympathetic activation, whereas STI quail showed parasympathetic and sympathetic activation. The activation of the parasympathetic system induced by the noise in STI quail can be explained by the predominance of this system at rest in this line. In conclusion, both the basal autonomic activity and the autonomic responses differed according to the emotional reactivity, and changes in autonomic activity appear to be related to the genetic selection process.

Authors+Show Affiliations

INRA-CNRS (UMR 6175)-Université François Rabelais de Tours-Haras nationaux, Unité de Physiologie de la Reproduction et des Comportements, INRA- Centre de Tours-Nouzilly, 37380 Nouzilly, France. gaudinie@tours.inra.frNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17070877

Citation

Valance, D, et al. "Emotional Reactivity Modulates Autonomic Responses to an Acoustic Challenge in Quail." Physiology & Behavior, vol. 90, no. 1, 2007, pp. 165-71.
Valance D, Boissy A, Després G, et al. Emotional reactivity modulates autonomic responses to an acoustic challenge in quail. Physiol Behav. 2007;90(1):165-71.
Valance, D., Boissy, A., Després, G., Constantin, P., & Leterrier, C. (2007). Emotional reactivity modulates autonomic responses to an acoustic challenge in quail. Physiology & Behavior, 90(1), 165-71.
Valance D, et al. Emotional Reactivity Modulates Autonomic Responses to an Acoustic Challenge in Quail. Physiol Behav. 2007 Jan 30;90(1):165-71. PubMed PMID: 17070877.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Emotional reactivity modulates autonomic responses to an acoustic challenge in quail. AU - Valance,D, AU - Boissy,A, AU - Després,G, AU - Constantin,P, AU - Leterrier,C, Y1 - 2006/10/30/ PY - 2006/03/24/received PY - 2006/09/11/revised PY - 2006/09/20/accepted PY - 2006/10/31/pubmed PY - 2007/2/23/medline PY - 2006/10/31/entrez SP - 165 EP - 71 JF - Physiology & behavior JO - Physiol Behav VL - 90 IS - 1 N2 - Emotional reactivity modulates autonomic responses to an acoustic challenge in quail. Physio Behav 00(0) 000-000, 2006. This study investigated the relationship between emotional reactivity and behavioral and autonomic responses to an acoustic stimulus in quail. It was hypothesized that birds with high emotional reactivity would have higher motor inhibition combined with higher sympathetic activation than birds with low emotional reactivity. Two experiments were performed. The first looked for correlations between emotional reactivity, evaluated by a tonic immobility test, and motor and Heart Rate Variability in relation to an acoustic stimulus. The second experiment compared the motor and autonomic responses to the acoustic stimulus of quail selected on either long (LTI) or short (STI) duration of tonic immobility. The first experiment showed that the acoustic stimulation induced motor inhibition and cardiac activation. Correlations were found between tonic immobility duration and both autonomic activity before stimulation and sympathovagal balance after stimulation. In the second experiment, LTI quail showed strong sympathetic activation, whereas STI quail showed parasympathetic and sympathetic activation. The activation of the parasympathetic system induced by the noise in STI quail can be explained by the predominance of this system at rest in this line. In conclusion, both the basal autonomic activity and the autonomic responses differed according to the emotional reactivity, and changes in autonomic activity appear to be related to the genetic selection process. SN - 0031-9384 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17070877/Emotional_reactivity_modulates_autonomic_responses_to_an_acoustic_challenge_in_quail_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0031-9384(06)00417-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -