Different regions of the nonconserved large periplasmic domain of Escherichia coli YidC are involved in the SecF interaction and membrane insertase activity.Biochemistry 2006; 45(44):13401-8B
The YidC protein of Escherichia coli is required for inserting Sec-independent membrane proteins and has a supportive role for the insertion of Sec-dependent proteins into the membrane bilayer. Because a portion of YidC copurifies with the Sec translocase, this interaction might be necessary to assist in the membrane insertion of Sec-dependent proteins. This study describes a deletion analysis that investigates which parts of YidC are required for its interaction with the SecDF complex of the Sec translocase and for the function of YidC as an insertase for the Sec-dependent membrane proteins. The results suggest that the first periplasmic region, which includes residues 24-346, is required for the interaction of YidC with the Sec translocase, in particular with the SecF protein. Further studies showed that residues 215-265 of YidC are sufficient for SecF binding. Surprisingly, the interaction of YidC with SecF is not critical for cell viability as YidC, lacking residues 24-264, was fully functional to support the growth of E. coli. It was also observed that this YidC mutant was fully functional to insert the Sec-dependent subunit A of the F(1)F(o) ATP synthase and an M13 procoat derivative, as well as the Sec-independent M13 procoat protein and subunit C of the ATP synthase. Only when additional residues of the periplasmic region were deleted (265-346) was the membrane insertase function of YidC inhibited.