Micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography for fast separation and sensitive determination of melatonin and related indoleamines using end-column amperometric detection.Electrophoresis. 2006 Nov; 27(21):4230-9.E
MEKC was used in conjunction with end-column amperometric detection (AD) at a carbon disc electrode (0.3 mm diameter) for the selective and sensitive determination of melatonin and its five related indoleamines including its precursors and metabolites in the pineal gland. The introduction of a sample stacking technique in injection and the buffer additive SDS in the buffer solution system provided the rapid and sensitive analysis. Optimal buffer conditions (10 mmol/L phosphate containing 20 mmol/L SDS, pH 7.2), detection potential (+1.0 V vs. Ag/AgCl), and electrokinetic injection 10 s with the separation voltage of 24 kV were employed to achieve the baseline separation of six pineal hormones within 15 min. The peak currents and the analyte concentrations have a good linear relationship over the range of 6.0 x 10(-8) 6.0 x 10(-5)mol/L. The detection limits for six pineal hormones by AD are 9.7 to 41.8 nmol/L (equal to 2.0 to 9.7 ng/mL) (S/N = 3), respectively. It is proved to provide about 30- to 250-fold improvement over UV, and be comparable with the sensitive fluorescence detection, which needs pre-column derivatization. The proposed method has been applied for analysis of melatonin and related indoleamines in rat pineal glands. A very simple sample pretreatment procedure, merely involving the homogenization step in perchloric acid, was enough to achieve recoveries in the range of 71 to 127% for all the analytes in the pineal gland.