Tumor necrosis factor induction of endothelial cell surface antigens is independent of protein kinase C activation or inactivation. Studies with phorbol myristate acetate and staurosporine.J Immunol. 1991 May 01; 146(9):3056-62.JI
We have investigated whether TNF-induced changes in human endothelial cell (EC) surface Ag expression are mediated by protein kinase C (PKC). This suggestion arose from the observations that PMA, a potent PKC activator, can mimic TNF by inducing expression of endothelial leukocyte adhesion molecule 1, intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), and class I MHC molecules on human EC. However, in contrast to the actions of PMA, TNF neither causes membrane translocation of PKC nor induces the phosphorylation of the myristoylated alanine-rich C kinase substrate, two measures of PKC activation. Moreover, the PKC inhibitor staurosporine can block PMA-induced endothelial leukocyte adhesion molecule 1 expression at 4 h, but does not inhibit the actions of TNF. At 24 h, staurosporine itself induces intercellular adhesion molecule 1 and class I MHC, and acts additively with TNF. Twenty four hour treatment with PMA causes loss of PKC. We propose that at 24 h, staurosporine and PMA share a mechanism of action, namely diminution of PKC activity. However, 24 h treatment with TNF does not reduce the amount of PKC nor does it prevent activation of PKC by PMA. We conclude that TNF effects in EC are not mediated by PKC activation or inactivation.