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Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services.
Science. 2006 Nov 03; 314(5800):787-90.Sci

Abstract

Human-dominated marine ecosystems are experiencing accelerating loss of populations and species, with largely unknown consequences. We analyzed local experiments, long-term regional time series, and global fisheries data to test how biodiversity loss affects marine ecosystem services across temporal and spatial scales. Overall, rates of resource collapse increased and recovery potential, stability, and water quality decreased exponentially with declining diversity. Restoration of biodiversity, in contrast, increased productivity fourfold and decreased variability by 21%, on average. We conclude that marine biodiversity loss is increasingly impairing the ocean's capacity to provide food, maintain water quality, and recover from perturbations. Yet available data suggest that at this point, these trends are still reversible.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 4J1. bworm@dal.caNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Meta-Analysis
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17082450

Citation

Worm, Boris, et al. "Impacts of Biodiversity Loss On Ocean Ecosystem Services." Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 314, no. 5800, 2006, pp. 787-90.
Worm B, Barbier EB, Beaumont N, et al. Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services. Science. 2006;314(5800):787-90.
Worm, B., Barbier, E. B., Beaumont, N., Duffy, J. E., Folke, C., Halpern, B. S., Jackson, J. B., Lotze, H. K., Micheli, F., Palumbi, S. R., Sala, E., Selkoe, K. A., Stachowicz, J. J., & Watson, R. (2006). Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5800), 787-90.
Worm B, et al. Impacts of Biodiversity Loss On Ocean Ecosystem Services. Science. 2006 Nov 3;314(5800):787-90. PubMed PMID: 17082450.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services. AU - Worm,Boris, AU - Barbier,Edward B, AU - Beaumont,Nicola, AU - Duffy,J Emmett, AU - Folke,Carl, AU - Halpern,Benjamin S, AU - Jackson,Jeremy B C, AU - Lotze,Heike K, AU - Micheli,Fiorenza, AU - Palumbi,Stephen R, AU - Sala,Enric, AU - Selkoe,Kimberley A, AU - Stachowicz,John J, AU - Watson,Reg, PY - 2006/11/4/pubmed PY - 2006/12/9/medline PY - 2006/11/4/entrez SP - 787 EP - 90 JF - Science (New York, N.Y.) JO - Science VL - 314 IS - 5800 N2 - Human-dominated marine ecosystems are experiencing accelerating loss of populations and species, with largely unknown consequences. We analyzed local experiments, long-term regional time series, and global fisheries data to test how biodiversity loss affects marine ecosystem services across temporal and spatial scales. Overall, rates of resource collapse increased and recovery potential, stability, and water quality decreased exponentially with declining diversity. Restoration of biodiversity, in contrast, increased productivity fourfold and decreased variability by 21%, on average. We conclude that marine biodiversity loss is increasingly impairing the ocean's capacity to provide food, maintain water quality, and recover from perturbations. Yet available data suggest that at this point, these trends are still reversible. SN - 1095-9203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17082450/Impacts_of_biodiversity_loss_on_ocean_ecosystem_services_ L2 - https://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=17082450 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -