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Milk consumption and acne in adolescent girls.

Abstract

There has been a remarkable paucity of evidence for an association between diet and acne. Our previous studies suggest that there is an association between milk intake and teenage acne. This is a prospective cohort study to evaluate that relationship. We studied 6,094 girls, aged 9-15 years in 1996, who reported dietary intake on up to three food frequency questionnaires from 1996 to 1998. Presence and severity of acne was assessed by questionnaire in 1999. We computed multivariate prevalence ratios (PR) and 95 percent confidence intervals for acne. After accounting for age at baseline, height and energy intake, the multivariate PRs (95 % CI; p-value for test of trend) for acne comparing highest (2 or more servings per day) to lowest (<1 per week) intake categories in 1996, were 1.20 (1.09, 1.31; <0.001) for total milk, 1.19 (1.06, 1.32; <0.001) for whole milk, 1.17 (1.04, 1.31; 0.002) for low fat milk and 1.19 (1.08, 1.31; <0.001) for skim milk. This result did not change appreciably when we excluded girls who reported use of contraceptives and when we restricted our analysis to those younger than 11 years of age at baseline. We found a positive association between intake of milk and acne. This finding supports earlier studies and suggests that the metabolic effects of milk are sufficient to elicit biological responses in consumers.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA.

    , , , , , ,

    Source

    Dermatology online journal 12:4 2006 May 30 pg 1

    MeSH

    Acne Vulgaris
    Adolescent
    Animals
    Cattle
    Child
    Cohort Studies
    Feeding Behavior
    Female
    Humans
    Milk
    Prevalence
    Prospective Studies
    Surveys and Questionnaires
    United States

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    17083856

    Citation

    Adebamowo, Clement A., et al. "Milk Consumption and Acne in Adolescent Girls." Dermatology Online Journal, vol. 12, no. 4, 2006, p. 1.
    Adebamowo CA, Spiegelman D, Berkey CS, et al. Milk consumption and acne in adolescent girls. Dermatol Online J. 2006;12(4):1.
    Adebamowo, C. A., Spiegelman, D., Berkey, C. S., Danby, F. W., Rockett, H. H., Colditz, G. A., ... Holmes, M. D. (2006). Milk consumption and acne in adolescent girls. Dermatology Online Journal, 12(4), p. 1.
    Adebamowo CA, et al. Milk Consumption and Acne in Adolescent Girls. Dermatol Online J. 2006 May 30;12(4):1. PubMed PMID: 17083856.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Milk consumption and acne in adolescent girls. AU - Adebamowo,Clement A, AU - Spiegelman,Donna, AU - Berkey,Catherine S, AU - Danby,F William, AU - Rockett,Helaine H, AU - Colditz,Graham A, AU - Willett,Walter C, AU - Holmes,Michelle D, Y1 - 2006/05/30/ PY - 2006/11/7/pubmed PY - 2007/1/19/medline PY - 2006/11/7/entrez SP - 1 EP - 1 JF - Dermatology online journal JO - Dermatol. Online J. VL - 12 IS - 4 N2 - There has been a remarkable paucity of evidence for an association between diet and acne. Our previous studies suggest that there is an association between milk intake and teenage acne. This is a prospective cohort study to evaluate that relationship. We studied 6,094 girls, aged 9-15 years in 1996, who reported dietary intake on up to three food frequency questionnaires from 1996 to 1998. Presence and severity of acne was assessed by questionnaire in 1999. We computed multivariate prevalence ratios (PR) and 95 percent confidence intervals for acne. After accounting for age at baseline, height and energy intake, the multivariate PRs (95 % CI; p-value for test of trend) for acne comparing highest (2 or more servings per day) to lowest (<1 per week) intake categories in 1996, were 1.20 (1.09, 1.31; <0.001) for total milk, 1.19 (1.06, 1.32; <0.001) for whole milk, 1.17 (1.04, 1.31; 0.002) for low fat milk and 1.19 (1.08, 1.31; <0.001) for skim milk. This result did not change appreciably when we excluded girls who reported use of contraceptives and when we restricted our analysis to those younger than 11 years of age at baseline. We found a positive association between intake of milk and acne. This finding supports earlier studies and suggests that the metabolic effects of milk are sufficient to elicit biological responses in consumers. SN - 1087-2108 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17083856/Milk_consumption_and_acne_in_adolescent_girls_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/acne.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -