Efficacy and safety of torcetrapib, a novel cholesteryl ester transfer protein inhibitor, in individuals with below-average high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels on a background of atorvastatin.J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006 Nov 07; 48(9):1782-90.JACC
This study sought to evaluate the efficacy and safety of torcetrapib in patients with low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels receiving background atorvastatin.
Elevating HDL-C levels may reduce the residual cardiovascular risk that is observed in patients treated with statin therapy. Torcetrapib (a cholesteryl ester transfer protein inhibitor) increases HDL-C and decreases low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C).
This was a multicenter, double-blind, randomized trial. Patients with below-average HDL-C (men <44 mg/dl; women <54 mg/dl) who were eligible for statin therapy according to National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III guidelines or who had LDL-C >130 mg/dl at screening entered an 8-week run-in period with atorvastatin 20 mg/day before randomization (n = 174) to torcetrapib 10, 30, 60, or 90 mg/day or placebo for 8 weeks. Atorvastatin was continued during treatment with torcetrapib.
After 8 weeks, the percent change from baseline with torcetrapib (least-squares mean difference from placebo) ranged from 8.3% to 40.2% for HDL-C (p < or = 0.0001 for 30-mg and higher doses) and from 0.6% to -18.9% for LDL-C (p < 0.01 for 60-mg and 90-mg doses). Particle size for both HDL and LDL increased with torcetrapib. The incidence of all-causality and treatment-related adverse events was similar across placebo and torcetrapib treatment groups with no evidence of a dose-related response. In some treatment groups, small increases in systolic and diastolic blood pressures were noted.
In statin-eligible patients, torcetrapib plus background atorvastatin resulted in substantial, dose-dependent increases in HDL-C, accompanied by additional decreases in LDL-C beyond those seen with atorvastatin alone. Torcetrapib plus atorvastatin was generally well tolerated.