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Dietary intake and use of dietary supplements in relation to demographic variables among pregnant Finnish women.

Abstract

Proper nutrition during pregnancy may be important for maternal health and fetal growth and development. In Finland, targeted recommendations are given to guide pregnant women in their food choice and dietary supplement use so that they may obtain adequate nutritional status and meet the increased need for nutrients. The aims of the present study were to examine food choices, nutrient intake and dietary supplement use of pregnant Finnish women in association with demographic variables. One thousand and seventy-five families were invited to a birth cohort study during 1998-9. Mothers of 797 newborns completed a validated 181-item food-frequency questionnaire from which the food and nutrient intakes were calculated. The information about supplement use was collected concerning the whole pregnancy. The results of the present study suggest that healthy food choices are rather common among pregnant Finnish women and the choices are positively correlated with age and education. Nutrient supplements were used by 85 % of the women. Supplements were favoured by the older and well-educated women and by those who had normal weight before pregnancy. Of the women in the present study, 31 % received vitamin A-containing supplements, although it is not recommended during pregnancy. Taking food and supplementation into account, the intake of vitamin D did not meet the dietary recommendation and folic acid intake was below recommendation in 44 % of the women. Therefore there seemed to be unnecessary nutrient supplementation and at the same time lack of relevant supplementation among these pregnant women.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Paediatrics, 90014 University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland. tuula.arkkola@oulu.fi

    , , , , , , , ,

    Source

    The British journal of nutrition 96:5 2006 Nov pg 913-20

    MeSH

    Adult
    Age Factors
    Cohort Studies
    Diet
    Dietary Carbohydrates
    Dietary Fats
    Dietary Fiber
    Dietary Supplements
    Educational Status
    Female
    Finland
    Folic Acid
    Food Preferences
    Food, Organic
    Humans
    Iron
    Pregnancy
    Vitamin A
    Vitamin D
    Vitamins

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    17092382

    Citation

    Arkkola, Tuula, et al. "Dietary Intake and Use of Dietary Supplements in Relation to Demographic Variables Among Pregnant Finnish Women." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 96, no. 5, 2006, pp. 913-20.
    Arkkola T, Uusitalo U, Pietikäinen M, et al. Dietary intake and use of dietary supplements in relation to demographic variables among pregnant Finnish women. Br J Nutr. 2006;96(5):913-20.
    Arkkola, T., Uusitalo, U., Pietikäinen, M., Metsälä, J., Kronberg-Kippilä, C., Erkkola, M., ... Ovaskainen, M. L. (2006). Dietary intake and use of dietary supplements in relation to demographic variables among pregnant Finnish women. The British Journal of Nutrition, 96(5), pp. 913-20.
    Arkkola T, et al. Dietary Intake and Use of Dietary Supplements in Relation to Demographic Variables Among Pregnant Finnish Women. Br J Nutr. 2006;96(5):913-20. PubMed PMID: 17092382.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary intake and use of dietary supplements in relation to demographic variables among pregnant Finnish women. AU - Arkkola,Tuula, AU - Uusitalo,Ulla, AU - Pietikäinen,Minna, AU - Metsälä,Johanna, AU - Kronberg-Kippilä,Carina, AU - Erkkola,Maijaliisa, AU - Veijola,Riitta, AU - Knip,Mikael, AU - Virtanen,Suvi M, AU - Ovaskainen,Marja-Leena, PY - 2006/11/10/pubmed PY - 2007/1/4/medline PY - 2006/11/10/entrez SP - 913 EP - 20 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br. J. Nutr. VL - 96 IS - 5 N2 - Proper nutrition during pregnancy may be important for maternal health and fetal growth and development. In Finland, targeted recommendations are given to guide pregnant women in their food choice and dietary supplement use so that they may obtain adequate nutritional status and meet the increased need for nutrients. The aims of the present study were to examine food choices, nutrient intake and dietary supplement use of pregnant Finnish women in association with demographic variables. One thousand and seventy-five families were invited to a birth cohort study during 1998-9. Mothers of 797 newborns completed a validated 181-item food-frequency questionnaire from which the food and nutrient intakes were calculated. The information about supplement use was collected concerning the whole pregnancy. The results of the present study suggest that healthy food choices are rather common among pregnant Finnish women and the choices are positively correlated with age and education. Nutrient supplements were used by 85 % of the women. Supplements were favoured by the older and well-educated women and by those who had normal weight before pregnancy. Of the women in the present study, 31 % received vitamin A-containing supplements, although it is not recommended during pregnancy. Taking food and supplementation into account, the intake of vitamin D did not meet the dietary recommendation and folic acid intake was below recommendation in 44 % of the women. Therefore there seemed to be unnecessary nutrient supplementation and at the same time lack of relevant supplementation among these pregnant women. SN - 0007-1145 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17092382/Dietary_intake_and_use_of_dietary_supplements_in_relation_to_demographic_variables_among_pregnant_Finnish_women_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0007114506003126/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -