Comment on "Statistical independence of escalatory ecological trends in Phanerozoic marine invertebrates".Science. 2006 Nov 10; 314(5801):925; author reply 925.Sci
The analysis of Madin et al. (Reports, 12 May 2006, p. 897) of Phanerozoic diversity failed to support expected correlations between carnivores and noncarnivores, leading the authors to reject escalation as an important macroevolutionary process. The test, however, is based on a flawed model of causality, and the ecological groups are improperly delineated with regard to the hypothesis.