Eustachian tube function and the middle ear.Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2006 Dec; 39(6):1221-35.OC
Eustachian tube dysfunction has been linked to causing middle ear pathology. One of the sequelae seen is tympanic membrane retraction. Concern occurs when this physiological state becomes chronic, leading to adhesive otitis media followed by debris collection and fulminate cholesteatoma. This chapter explores the role the eustachian tube plays in regulating middle ear and mastoid aeration, the causes of eustachian tube dysfunction, and the treatment of this disorder.