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Reliability and validity of a Thai version of the General Practice Assessment Questionnaire (GPAQ).
J Med Assoc Thai. 2006 Sep; 89(9):1491-6.JM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The Assessment Questionnaire (GPAQ) is a questionnaire for patients to evaluate primary care in a number of key areas ranging from the access to care, the helpfulness of receptionists, the continuity of care, the doctors'communication skills, the patient's knowledge of self the General Practice care plans after consultation, and overall satisfaction. All questions can be calculated as a GPAQ score allowing services to be analysed, developed, and improved.

OBJECTIVE

The General Practice Assessment Questionnaire (GPAQ) was developed in the United Kingdom to evaluate the quality of general practice (i.e. primary care or family medicine). The aim of the present study was to translate and validate a Thai language version of GPAQ.

MATERIAL AND METHOD

Cross-sectional study: the content validity was examined by three experts in the Family Medicine field, and then the original GPAQ was translated into Thai with permission from the National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, University of Manchester and Safran. The translation process followed the guidelines for cross-cultural adaptation of self-report measures, including forward translation, synthesis of the translation, back translation, cross-cultural adaptation and pre-testing. The pilot study was done by distributing the questionnaire to a sample of 30 people before revision of the questionnaire. The reliability and validity of the translated version was then examined by distributing the questionnaire to 2,600 people visiting the out-patient clinic at the Department of Family Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital in October, 2005.

RESULTS

The response rate is about 70 percent. The results of the present study showed that the Thai version of GPAQ achieved good levels of reliability and validity, with the range of Cronbach's alpha coefficients being 0.7293-0.8324 in each aspect of GPAQ, namely access, doctor's communication skills, and patient enablement (understanding of self care after the consultation). However, a question about telephone consultations had to be excluded from the questionnaire to reach Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.8221.

CONCLUSION

After translation and cross-cultural adaptation the Thai version of GPAQ can be used as a patient-administered instrument to evaluate the quality of primary care in Thailand.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Family Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10700, Thailand. dr_darinj@yahoo.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17100390

Citation

Jaturapatporn, Darin, et al. "Reliability and Validity of a Thai Version of the General Practice Assessment Questionnaire (GPAQ)." Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet Thangphaet, vol. 89, no. 9, 2006, pp. 1491-6.
Jaturapatporn D, Hathirat S, Manataweewat B, et al. Reliability and validity of a Thai version of the General Practice Assessment Questionnaire (GPAQ). J Med Assoc Thai. 2006;89(9):1491-6.
Jaturapatporn, D., Hathirat, S., Manataweewat, B., Dellow, A. C., Leelaharattanarak, S., Sirimothya, S., Dellow, J., & Udomsubpayakul, U. (2006). Reliability and validity of a Thai version of the General Practice Assessment Questionnaire (GPAQ). Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet Thangphaet, 89(9), 1491-6.
Jaturapatporn D, et al. Reliability and Validity of a Thai Version of the General Practice Assessment Questionnaire (GPAQ). J Med Assoc Thai. 2006;89(9):1491-6. PubMed PMID: 17100390.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Reliability and validity of a Thai version of the General Practice Assessment Questionnaire (GPAQ). AU - Jaturapatporn,Darin, AU - Hathirat,Saipin, AU - Manataweewat,Benjama, AU - Dellow,Alan C, AU - Leelaharattanarak,Somyot, AU - Sirimothya,Surakarn, AU - Dellow,Jareeporn, AU - Udomsubpayakul,Umaporn, PY - 2006/11/15/pubmed PY - 2007/1/24/medline PY - 2006/11/15/entrez SP - 1491 EP - 6 JF - Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet JO - J Med Assoc Thai VL - 89 IS - 9 N2 - BACKGROUND: The Assessment Questionnaire (GPAQ) is a questionnaire for patients to evaluate primary care in a number of key areas ranging from the access to care, the helpfulness of receptionists, the continuity of care, the doctors'communication skills, the patient's knowledge of self the General Practice care plans after consultation, and overall satisfaction. All questions can be calculated as a GPAQ score allowing services to be analysed, developed, and improved. OBJECTIVE: The General Practice Assessment Questionnaire (GPAQ) was developed in the United Kingdom to evaluate the quality of general practice (i.e. primary care or family medicine). The aim of the present study was to translate and validate a Thai language version of GPAQ. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Cross-sectional study: the content validity was examined by three experts in the Family Medicine field, and then the original GPAQ was translated into Thai with permission from the National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, University of Manchester and Safran. The translation process followed the guidelines for cross-cultural adaptation of self-report measures, including forward translation, synthesis of the translation, back translation, cross-cultural adaptation and pre-testing. The pilot study was done by distributing the questionnaire to a sample of 30 people before revision of the questionnaire. The reliability and validity of the translated version was then examined by distributing the questionnaire to 2,600 people visiting the out-patient clinic at the Department of Family Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital in October, 2005. RESULTS: The response rate is about 70 percent. The results of the present study showed that the Thai version of GPAQ achieved good levels of reliability and validity, with the range of Cronbach's alpha coefficients being 0.7293-0.8324 in each aspect of GPAQ, namely access, doctor's communication skills, and patient enablement (understanding of self care after the consultation). However, a question about telephone consultations had to be excluded from the questionnaire to reach Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.8221. CONCLUSION: After translation and cross-cultural adaptation the Thai version of GPAQ can be used as a patient-administered instrument to evaluate the quality of primary care in Thailand. SN - 0125-2208 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17100390/Reliability_and_validity_of_a_Thai_version_of_the_General_Practice_Assessment_Questionnaire__GPAQ__ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -