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Travelers' compliance to prophylactic measures and behavior during stay abroad: results of a retrospective study of subjects returning to a travel medicine center in Italy.
J Travel Med. 2006 Nov-Dec; 13(6):338-44.JT

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Many sources of health advice are consulted by travelers, but in Europe, only 35% go to a travel clinic. Travel to countries outside Europe increases daily, and from 2001 to 2004, there was a marked increase in the number of travelers from the Florentine area crossing the borders (+18.0%), taking a plane (+81.4% of international travelers in Pisa airport), and applying to the Centre of Travel and Migration Medicine (CTMM) (+96%).

METHODS

An anonymous survey was carried out at CTMM among those travelers returning to complete vaccinations for which the first dose had been given before going abroad. The survey included questions on vaccination status, adherence to recommended antimalaria prophylaxis, occurrence of other health problems, and food and drink consumption.

RESULTS

The study population (which represents a "best case scenario") was composed of 1,237 subjects and had a very high compliance to the proposed questionnaire (95%). Approximately 55% of travelers took malaria chemoprophylactic measures, and 88% of them followed the indications given. Approximately 28% reported one or more secondary effects following antimalarial medication, and approximately 69% reported constant attention regarding safe consumption of food and drinks. Notwithstanding these measures, 236 cases of travelers' diarrhea were reported.

CONCLUSIONS

Our results are conditioned by the self-selection of the study population (those who seek advice are likely to follow it through). However, since no certainty exists about other sources of health advice for the remainder of the traveler population in our region, both the importance of counseling offered by travel clinics as well as the recommendation to the ever-increasing number of travelers to consult these clinics are stressed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centre for Travel and Migration Medicine, Local Health Unit of Florence, Italy.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17107426

Citation

Laverone, Enrico, et al. "Travelers' Compliance to Prophylactic Measures and Behavior During Stay Abroad: Results of a Retrospective Study of Subjects Returning to a Travel Medicine Center in Italy." Journal of Travel Medicine, vol. 13, no. 6, 2006, pp. 338-44.
Laverone E, Boccalini S, Bechini A, et al. Travelers' compliance to prophylactic measures and behavior during stay abroad: results of a retrospective study of subjects returning to a travel medicine center in Italy. J Travel Med. 2006;13(6):338-44.
Laverone, E., Boccalini, S., Bechini, A., Belli, S., Santini, M. G., Baretti, S., Circelli, G., Taras, F., Banchi, S., & Bonanni, P. (2006). Travelers' compliance to prophylactic measures and behavior during stay abroad: results of a retrospective study of subjects returning to a travel medicine center in Italy. Journal of Travel Medicine, 13(6), 338-44.
Laverone E, et al. Travelers' Compliance to Prophylactic Measures and Behavior During Stay Abroad: Results of a Retrospective Study of Subjects Returning to a Travel Medicine Center in Italy. J Travel Med. 2006 Nov-Dec;13(6):338-44. PubMed PMID: 17107426.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Travelers' compliance to prophylactic measures and behavior during stay abroad: results of a retrospective study of subjects returning to a travel medicine center in Italy. AU - Laverone,Enrico, AU - Boccalini,Sara, AU - Bechini,Angela, AU - Belli,Simona, AU - Santini,Maria Grazia, AU - Baretti,Simonetta, AU - Circelli,Giuseppe, AU - Taras,Felicina, AU - Banchi,Serena, AU - Bonanni,Paolo, PY - 2006/11/17/pubmed PY - 2007/2/16/medline PY - 2006/11/17/entrez SP - 338 EP - 44 JF - Journal of travel medicine JO - J Travel Med VL - 13 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: Many sources of health advice are consulted by travelers, but in Europe, only 35% go to a travel clinic. Travel to countries outside Europe increases daily, and from 2001 to 2004, there was a marked increase in the number of travelers from the Florentine area crossing the borders (+18.0%), taking a plane (+81.4% of international travelers in Pisa airport), and applying to the Centre of Travel and Migration Medicine (CTMM) (+96%). METHODS: An anonymous survey was carried out at CTMM among those travelers returning to complete vaccinations for which the first dose had been given before going abroad. The survey included questions on vaccination status, adherence to recommended antimalaria prophylaxis, occurrence of other health problems, and food and drink consumption. RESULTS: The study population (which represents a "best case scenario") was composed of 1,237 subjects and had a very high compliance to the proposed questionnaire (95%). Approximately 55% of travelers took malaria chemoprophylactic measures, and 88% of them followed the indications given. Approximately 28% reported one or more secondary effects following antimalarial medication, and approximately 69% reported constant attention regarding safe consumption of food and drinks. Notwithstanding these measures, 236 cases of travelers' diarrhea were reported. CONCLUSIONS: Our results are conditioned by the self-selection of the study population (those who seek advice are likely to follow it through). However, since no certainty exists about other sources of health advice for the remainder of the traveler population in our region, both the importance of counseling offered by travel clinics as well as the recommendation to the ever-increasing number of travelers to consult these clinics are stressed. SN - 1195-1982 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17107426/Travelers'_compliance_to_prophylactic_measures_and_behavior_during_stay_abroad:_results_of_a_retrospective_study_of_subjects_returning_to_a_travel_medicine_center_in_Italy_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jtm/article-lookup/doi/10.1111/j.1708-8305.2006.00068.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -