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The prevalence and risk factors associated with isolated untreated systolic hypertension in Korea: the Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey 2001.

Abstract

Although isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) increases the risk of coronary heart disease and stroke, more than any other hypertension subtype, the prevalence and risk factors associated with ISH in the Korean population are not known. The 2001 Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey was a cross-sectional and nationally representative survey conducted in 2001. The prevalence of ISH by age and body mass index (BMI) was examined in 6601 Korean adults over 20 years of age. After adjusting for age, 4.32+/-0.32% of Korean adults had ISH, 5.28+/-0.37% had isolated diastolic hypertension and 5.82+/-0.36% had systolic/diastolic hypertension. The overall prevalence of ISH was found to increase directly with advancing age and increasing BMI. Although the ISH was found to be more common in men overall (4.81+/-0.50% in men, 4.12+/-0.37% in women), it was more common in women over 70 years of age. Independent variables associated with risk for ISH included advanced age, BMI, triglyceride (TG) levels, monthly income and alcohol intake. However, gender, fasting blood glucose, total cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, residential area, education level and smoking were found not to be significantly associated with ISH risk. The findings of the present study demonstrate that the prevalence of untreated ISH in Korea was lower than in Western countries. Age, BMI, TG levels, monthly income and alcohol intake were associated with ISH.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Family Medicine, Cheil General Hospital and Women's Health Care Center, Seoul, Korea.

    , , , , , , , ,

    Source

    Journal of human hypertension 21:2 2007 Feb pg 107-13

    MeSH

    Adult
    Age Factors
    Body Mass Index
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Female
    Health Surveys
    Humans
    Hypertension
    Korea
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Nutrition Surveys
    Risk Factors
    Systole

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    17108991

    Citation

    Kim, J A., et al. "The Prevalence and Risk Factors Associated With Isolated Untreated Systolic Hypertension in Korea: the Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey 2001." Journal of Human Hypertension, vol. 21, no. 2, 2007, pp. 107-13.
    Kim JA, Kim SM, Choi YS, et al. The prevalence and risk factors associated with isolated untreated systolic hypertension in Korea: the Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey 2001. J Hum Hypertens. 2007;21(2):107-13.
    Kim, J. A., Kim, S. M., Choi, Y. S., Yoon, D., Lee, J. S., Park, H. S., ... Choi, K. M. (2007). The prevalence and risk factors associated with isolated untreated systolic hypertension in Korea: the Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey 2001. Journal of Human Hypertension, 21(2), pp. 107-13.
    Kim JA, et al. The Prevalence and Risk Factors Associated With Isolated Untreated Systolic Hypertension in Korea: the Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey 2001. J Hum Hypertens. 2007;21(2):107-13. PubMed PMID: 17108991.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - The prevalence and risk factors associated with isolated untreated systolic hypertension in Korea: the Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey 2001. AU - Kim,J A, AU - Kim,S M, AU - Choi,Y S, AU - Yoon,D, AU - Lee,J S, AU - Park,H S, AU - Kim,H A, AU - Lee,J, AU - Oh,H J, AU - Choi,K M, Y1 - 2006/11/16/ PY - 2006/11/17/pubmed PY - 2007/3/14/medline PY - 2006/11/17/entrez SP - 107 EP - 13 JF - Journal of human hypertension JO - J Hum Hypertens VL - 21 IS - 2 N2 - Although isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) increases the risk of coronary heart disease and stroke, more than any other hypertension subtype, the prevalence and risk factors associated with ISH in the Korean population are not known. The 2001 Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey was a cross-sectional and nationally representative survey conducted in 2001. The prevalence of ISH by age and body mass index (BMI) was examined in 6601 Korean adults over 20 years of age. After adjusting for age, 4.32+/-0.32% of Korean adults had ISH, 5.28+/-0.37% had isolated diastolic hypertension and 5.82+/-0.36% had systolic/diastolic hypertension. The overall prevalence of ISH was found to increase directly with advancing age and increasing BMI. Although the ISH was found to be more common in men overall (4.81+/-0.50% in men, 4.12+/-0.37% in women), it was more common in women over 70 years of age. Independent variables associated with risk for ISH included advanced age, BMI, triglyceride (TG) levels, monthly income and alcohol intake. However, gender, fasting blood glucose, total cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, residential area, education level and smoking were found not to be significantly associated with ISH risk. The findings of the present study demonstrate that the prevalence of untreated ISH in Korea was lower than in Western countries. Age, BMI, TG levels, monthly income and alcohol intake were associated with ISH. SN - 0950-9240 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17108991/The_prevalence_and_risk_factors_associated_with_isolated_untreated_systolic_hypertension_in_Korea:_the_Korean_National_Health_and_Nutrition_Survey_2001_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.jhh.1002119 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -