Development of food intake patterns for the MyPyramid Food Guidance System.J Nutr Educ Behav. 2006 Nov-Dec; 38(6 Suppl):S78-92.JN
The purpose of this research was to design food intake patterns based on typical American food selections that would meet Dietary Guidelines and Dietary Reference Intake recommendations.
Analytic process to identify appropriate amounts from each food group that together will meet nutritional goals for various age/gender groups.
Projected intake of energy, 9 vitamins, 8 minerals, 8 macronutrients, and dietary fiber in each food intake pattern.
Iterative comparison of nutrients in each food intake pattern to Dietary Reference Intakes and Dietary Guidelines recommendations set as goals for that pattern.
Food intake patterns were established that met almost all nutrient goals within estimated energy needs. Intakes of vitamin E at all energy levels, potassium at lower energy levels, and sodium at higher energy levels did not meet goals.
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS
The food intake patterns provide a foundation of food choices that will meet nutritional recommendations. They form the scientific basis for the MyPyramid Food Guidance System and can also be used as a starting point for developing other educational programs or materials.