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[Biological wastewater treatment and simultaneous generating electricity from organic wastewater by microbial fuel cell].
Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2006 Sep; 27(9):1786-90.HJ

Abstract

An air-cathode microbial fuel cell (ACMFC) was successfully started up using anaerobic activated sludge as inoculums, generating a voltage of 0.24V after inoculations for 110 h. When using acetate and glucose as substrate, voltage of 0.38V and 0.41V (based on external resistance of 1000 omega) is obtained; meanwhile, the maximum power density reaches 146.56 mW/m2 and 192.04 mW/m2 respectively, suggesting that organic wastewater can be used to produce electricity. Removal efficiency of 99% (acetate) and 87% (glucose) is achieved simultaneously, demonstrating that ACMFC can treat organic wastewater. Electron recovery efficiency as low as 10% for both acetate and glucose is observed mainly due to aerobic respiration of microorganisms caused by diffusion of oxygen molecular from the cathode, leading to electron loss. MFCs are capable of converting chemical energy presented in organic wastewater into electricity energy with accomplishments of wastewater treatments simultaneously, which possibly captures considerable benefits in terms of environments and economics.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

chi

PubMed ID

17117633

Citation

You, Shi-jie, et al. "[Biological Wastewater Treatment and Simultaneous Generating Electricity From Organic Wastewater By Microbial Fuel Cell]." Huan Jing Ke Xue= Huanjing Kexue, vol. 27, no. 9, 2006, pp. 1786-90.
You SJ, Zhao QL, Jiang JQ. [Biological wastewater treatment and simultaneous generating electricity from organic wastewater by microbial fuel cell]. Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2006;27(9):1786-90.
You, S. J., Zhao, Q. L., & Jiang, J. Q. (2006). [Biological wastewater treatment and simultaneous generating electricity from organic wastewater by microbial fuel cell]. Huan Jing Ke Xue= Huanjing Kexue, 27(9), 1786-90.
You SJ, Zhao QL, Jiang JQ. [Biological Wastewater Treatment and Simultaneous Generating Electricity From Organic Wastewater By Microbial Fuel Cell]. Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2006;27(9):1786-90. PubMed PMID: 17117633.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Biological wastewater treatment and simultaneous generating electricity from organic wastewater by microbial fuel cell]. AU - You,Shi-jie, AU - Zhao,Qing-liang, AU - Jiang,Jun-qiu, PY - 2006/11/23/pubmed PY - 2008/9/3/medline PY - 2006/11/23/entrez SP - 1786 EP - 90 JF - Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue JO - Huan Jing Ke Xue VL - 27 IS - 9 N2 - An air-cathode microbial fuel cell (ACMFC) was successfully started up using anaerobic activated sludge as inoculums, generating a voltage of 0.24V after inoculations for 110 h. When using acetate and glucose as substrate, voltage of 0.38V and 0.41V (based on external resistance of 1000 omega) is obtained; meanwhile, the maximum power density reaches 146.56 mW/m2 and 192.04 mW/m2 respectively, suggesting that organic wastewater can be used to produce electricity. Removal efficiency of 99% (acetate) and 87% (glucose) is achieved simultaneously, demonstrating that ACMFC can treat organic wastewater. Electron recovery efficiency as low as 10% for both acetate and glucose is observed mainly due to aerobic respiration of microorganisms caused by diffusion of oxygen molecular from the cathode, leading to electron loss. MFCs are capable of converting chemical energy presented in organic wastewater into electricity energy with accomplishments of wastewater treatments simultaneously, which possibly captures considerable benefits in terms of environments and economics. SN - 0250-3301 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17117633/[Biological_wastewater_treatment_and_simultaneous_generating_electricity_from_organic_wastewater_by_microbial_fuel_cell]_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -