Simultaneous determination of amphoteric surfactants in detergents by capillary electrophoresis with indirect UV detection.J Chromatogr A. 2007 Jan 12; 1139(1):136-42.JC
A simple, rapid and simultaneous determination of four types of amphoteric surfactants, i.e., C8, C10, C12, C14, C16 and C18-homologues of alkyldimethylamine N-oxide (AO), alkylamidopropylamine N-oxide (APAO), alkylbetaine (Bt) and alkylamidopropylbetaine (APB), was performed by using capillary electrophoresis (CE) with indirect UV detection. To optimize the separation conditions, effects of pH of background solution (BGS), organic modifier and chromophore for indirect UV detection on the CE separation of the amphoteric compounds were investigated. Addition of 50% (v/v) acetonitrile to the BGS under a lower pH condition brought a good separation performance due to the suppression of micelle formation for the analytes and the adsorption onto the inner surface of the capillary. Under an optimal condition, the 24 amphoteric analytes were completely separated in a single run within 17min. The relative standard deviation of the migration time was ranging from 0.20 to 0.23% and the limit of detection values for AO, APAO, Bt and APB homologues were 10-20, 20, 20-50 and 50microg/mL, respectively. Furthermore, the developed method can provide a high resolution separation of the amphoteric surfactants in commercially available detergents and shampoo without any sample pretreatments.