Electrochemical detection of 17beta-estradiol using DNA aptamer immobilized gold electrode chip.Biosens Bioelectron. 2007 May 15; 22(11):2525-31.BB
An electrochemical detection method for chemical sensing has been developed using a DNA aptamer immobilized gold electrode chip. DNA aptamers specifically binding to 17beta-estradiol were selected by the SELEX (Systematic Evolution of Ligands by EXponential enrichment) process from a random ssDNA library, composed of approximately 7.2 x 10(14) DNA molecules. Gold electrode chips were employed to evaluate the electrochemical signals generated from interactions between the aptamers and the target molecules. The DNA aptamer immobilization on the gold electrode was based on the avidin-biotin interaction. The cyclic voltametry (CV) and square wave voltametry (SWV) values were measured to evaluate the chemical binding to aptamer. When 17beta-estradiol interacted with the DNA aptamer, the current decreased due to the interference of bound 17beta-estradiol with the electron flow produced by a redox reaction between ferrocyanide and ferricyanide. In the negative control experiments, the current decreased only mildly due to the presence of other chemicals.