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A descriptive account of New Zealand mothers' responses to open-ended questions on their breast feeding experiences.
Midwifery. 2007 Dec; 23(4):372-81.M

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To describe the breast feeding experiences of mothers in New Zealand.

DESIGN

Descriptive, qualitative study. After a previous quantitative analysis of a questionnaire, the open-ended responses by the women were examined using a thematic analysis approach.

SETTING

Hawke's Bay, New Zealand.

PARTICIPANTS

153 primiparous and multiparous breast feeding women aged between 20 and 49 years, who had had a caesarean section or vaginal birth between 4 months and 3 years previously.

FINDINGS

Themes identified during the data analysis are as follows: persistence, determination, confidence and satisfaction; pain and limitation of mothering activities; conflicting advice and professionalism; and others' expectations.

CONCLUSIONS

Breast feeding experience could be detrimentally affected by physical factors, inconsistent health-professional support and others' expectations. Negative influences, however, were likely to be overcome by persistence, determination, confidence and satisfaction.

IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE

Implications for midwifery practice from the study iterate the importance of consistency of advice and skills of health professionals, of listening and understanding women's responses to early breast feeding assistance and giving continuous encouragement and support throughout their breast feeding experience. To meet these recommendations, breast feeding education for health professionals needs to include technical expertise and communication skills. Recommendations for further research from this study include investigations into why women commit to breast feeding and an exploration of women's perceptions of midwives' breast feeding support.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Eastern Institute of Technology, Napier, 162 Waghorne St, Napier, New Zealand. kmanhire@eit.ac.nzNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17126458

Citation

Manhire, Kathleen M., et al. "A Descriptive Account of New Zealand Mothers' Responses to Open-ended Questions On Their Breast Feeding Experiences." Midwifery, vol. 23, no. 4, 2007, pp. 372-81.
Manhire KM, Hagan AE, Floyd SA. A descriptive account of New Zealand mothers' responses to open-ended questions on their breast feeding experiences. Midwifery. 2007;23(4):372-81.
Manhire, K. M., Hagan, A. E., & Floyd, S. A. (2007). A descriptive account of New Zealand mothers' responses to open-ended questions on their breast feeding experiences. Midwifery, 23(4), 372-81.
Manhire KM, Hagan AE, Floyd SA. A Descriptive Account of New Zealand Mothers' Responses to Open-ended Questions On Their Breast Feeding Experiences. Midwifery. 2007;23(4):372-81. PubMed PMID: 17126458.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A descriptive account of New Zealand mothers' responses to open-ended questions on their breast feeding experiences. AU - Manhire,Kathleen M, AU - Hagan,Annette E, AU - Floyd,Susan A, Y1 - 2006/11/27/ PY - 2005/06/25/received PY - 2006/01/30/revised PY - 2006/01/31/accepted PY - 2006/11/28/pubmed PY - 2008/2/13/medline PY - 2006/11/28/entrez SP - 372 EP - 81 JF - Midwifery JO - Midwifery VL - 23 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To describe the breast feeding experiences of mothers in New Zealand. DESIGN: Descriptive, qualitative study. After a previous quantitative analysis of a questionnaire, the open-ended responses by the women were examined using a thematic analysis approach. SETTING: Hawke's Bay, New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS: 153 primiparous and multiparous breast feeding women aged between 20 and 49 years, who had had a caesarean section or vaginal birth between 4 months and 3 years previously. FINDINGS: Themes identified during the data analysis are as follows: persistence, determination, confidence and satisfaction; pain and limitation of mothering activities; conflicting advice and professionalism; and others' expectations. CONCLUSIONS: Breast feeding experience could be detrimentally affected by physical factors, inconsistent health-professional support and others' expectations. Negative influences, however, were likely to be overcome by persistence, determination, confidence and satisfaction. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Implications for midwifery practice from the study iterate the importance of consistency of advice and skills of health professionals, of listening and understanding women's responses to early breast feeding assistance and giving continuous encouragement and support throughout their breast feeding experience. To meet these recommendations, breast feeding education for health professionals needs to include technical expertise and communication skills. Recommendations for further research from this study include investigations into why women commit to breast feeding and an exploration of women's perceptions of midwives' breast feeding support. SN - 0266-6138 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17126458/A_descriptive_account_of_New_Zealand_mothers'_responses_to_open_ended_questions_on_their_breast_feeding_experiences_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0266-6138(06)00022-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -