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Fatty acid profile, tocopherol, squalene and phytosterol content of brazil, pecan, pine, pistachio and cashew nuts.
Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2006 May-Jun; 57(3-4):219-28.IJ

Abstract

Nuts contain bioactive constituents that elicit cardio-protective effects including phytosterols, tocopherols and squalene. The objective of the present study was to determine the total oil content, peroxide value, fatty acid composition and levels of tocopherols, squalene and phytosterols in oil extracted from freshly ground brazil, pecan, pine, pistachio and cashew nuts. The total oil content of the nuts ranged from 40.4 to 60.8% (w/w) while the peroxide values ranged from 0.14 to 0.22 mEq O2/kg oil. The most abundant monounsaturated fatty acid was oleic acid (C18:1), while linoleic acid (C18:2) was the most prevalent polyunsaturated fatty acid. The levels of total tocopherols ranged from 60.8 to 291.0 mg/g. Squalene ranged from 39.5 mg/g oil in the pine nut to 1377.8 mg/g oil in the brazil nut. beta-Sitosterol was the most prevalent phytosterol, ranging in concentration from 1325.4 to 4685.9 mg/g oil. In conclusion, the present data indicate that nuts are a good dietary source of unsaturated fatty acids, tocopherols, squalene and phytosterols.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College, Cork, Ireland..No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17127473

Citation

Ryan, E, et al. "Fatty Acid Profile, Tocopherol, Squalene and Phytosterol Content of Brazil, Pecan, Pine, Pistachio and Cashew Nuts." International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, vol. 57, no. 3-4, 2006, pp. 219-28.
Ryan E, Galvin K, O'Connor TP, et al. Fatty acid profile, tocopherol, squalene and phytosterol content of brazil, pecan, pine, pistachio and cashew nuts. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2006;57(3-4):219-28.
Ryan, E., Galvin, K., O'Connor, T. P., Maguire, A. R., & O'Brien, N. M. (2006). Fatty acid profile, tocopherol, squalene and phytosterol content of brazil, pecan, pine, pistachio and cashew nuts. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 57(3-4), 219-28.
Ryan E, et al. Fatty Acid Profile, Tocopherol, Squalene and Phytosterol Content of Brazil, Pecan, Pine, Pistachio and Cashew Nuts. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2006 May-Jun;57(3-4):219-28. PubMed PMID: 17127473.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Fatty acid profile, tocopherol, squalene and phytosterol content of brazil, pecan, pine, pistachio and cashew nuts. AU - Ryan,E, AU - Galvin,K, AU - O'Connor,T P, AU - Maguire,A R, AU - O'Brien,N M, PY - 2006/11/28/pubmed PY - 2007/7/19/medline PY - 2006/11/28/entrez SP - 219 EP - 28 JF - International journal of food sciences and nutrition JO - Int J Food Sci Nutr VL - 57 IS - 3-4 N2 - Nuts contain bioactive constituents that elicit cardio-protective effects including phytosterols, tocopherols and squalene. The objective of the present study was to determine the total oil content, peroxide value, fatty acid composition and levels of tocopherols, squalene and phytosterols in oil extracted from freshly ground brazil, pecan, pine, pistachio and cashew nuts. The total oil content of the nuts ranged from 40.4 to 60.8% (w/w) while the peroxide values ranged from 0.14 to 0.22 mEq O2/kg oil. The most abundant monounsaturated fatty acid was oleic acid (C18:1), while linoleic acid (C18:2) was the most prevalent polyunsaturated fatty acid. The levels of total tocopherols ranged from 60.8 to 291.0 mg/g. Squalene ranged from 39.5 mg/g oil in the pine nut to 1377.8 mg/g oil in the brazil nut. beta-Sitosterol was the most prevalent phytosterol, ranging in concentration from 1325.4 to 4685.9 mg/g oil. In conclusion, the present data indicate that nuts are a good dietary source of unsaturated fatty acids, tocopherols, squalene and phytosterols. SN - 0963-7486 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17127473/Fatty_acid_profile_tocopherol_squalene_and_phytosterol_content_of_brazil_pecan_pine_pistachio_and_cashew_nuts_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09637480600768077 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -