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An introduction to avian and pandemic influenza.

Abstract

There are many types of influenza viruses, which cause illness in a variety of birds and mammals. New strains are constantly evolving, causing seasonal influenza epidemics in humans. This article provides information about influenza and influenza viruses, and the three influenza pandemics of the twentieth century. Pandemic influenza is differentiated from avian influenza, which is a viral disease that primarily infects birds. The current outbreak of avian influenza H5N1 in poultry flocks across the world is unprecedented in its spread. Human infection with avian influenza is rare and for most strains the symptoms are usually mild. A notable exception is HN51, where almost 60 per cent of the currently recorded 251 human cases have died. While the risk of a pandemic occurring in the current circumstances is unknown, there is a high level of concern worldwide.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    New South Wales Public Health Officer Training Program, New South Wales Department of Health.

    Source

    MeSH

    Animals
    Australia
    Birds
    Disease Outbreaks
    Global Health
    History, 20th Century
    Humans
    Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype
    Influenza A Virus, H2N2 Subtype
    Influenza A Virus, H3N2 Subtype
    Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype
    Influenza in Birds
    Influenza, Human
    Zoonoses

    Pub Type(s)

    Historical Article
    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    17136137

    Citation

    Black, Megan, and Paul Armstrong. "An Introduction to Avian and Pandemic Influenza." New South Wales Public Health Bulletin, vol. 17, no. 7-8, 2006, pp. 99-103.
    Black M, Armstrong P. An introduction to avian and pandemic influenza. N S W Public Health Bull. 2006;17(7-8):99-103.
    Black, M., & Armstrong, P. (2006). An introduction to avian and pandemic influenza. New South Wales Public Health Bulletin, 17(7-8), pp. 99-103.
    Black M, Armstrong P. An Introduction to Avian and Pandemic Influenza. N S W Public Health Bull. 2006;17(7-8):99-103. PubMed PMID: 17136137.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - An introduction to avian and pandemic influenza. AU - Black,Megan, AU - Armstrong,Paul, PY - 2006/12/1/pubmed PY - 2007/2/3/medline PY - 2006/12/1/entrez SP - 99 EP - 103 JF - New South Wales public health bulletin JO - N S W Public Health Bull VL - 17 IS - 7-8 N2 - There are many types of influenza viruses, which cause illness in a variety of birds and mammals. New strains are constantly evolving, causing seasonal influenza epidemics in humans. This article provides information about influenza and influenza viruses, and the three influenza pandemics of the twentieth century. Pandemic influenza is differentiated from avian influenza, which is a viral disease that primarily infects birds. The current outbreak of avian influenza H5N1 in poultry flocks across the world is unprecedented in its spread. Human infection with avian influenza is rare and for most strains the symptoms are usually mild. A notable exception is HN51, where almost 60 per cent of the currently recorded 251 human cases have died. While the risk of a pandemic occurring in the current circumstances is unknown, there is a high level of concern worldwide. SN - 1034-7674 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17136137/An_introduction_to_avian_and_pandemic_influenza_ L2 - http://www.publish.csiro.au/journals/abstractHTML.cfm?J=NB&V=17&I=8&F=NB06024abs.XML DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -