Analysis of sequence and structural features that identify the B/C motif of U3 small nucleolar RNA as the recognition site for the Snu13p-Rrp9p protein pair.Mol Cell Biol. 2007 Feb; 27(4):1191-206.MC
The eukaryal Snu13p/15.5K protein binds K-turn motifs in U4 snRNA and snoRNAs. Two Snu13p/15.5K molecules bind the nucleolar U3 snoRNA required for the early steps of preribosomal processing. Binding of one molecule on the C'/D motif allows association of proteins Nop1p, Nop56p, and Nop58p, whereas binding of the second molecule on the B/C motif allows Rrp9p recruitment. To understand how the Snu13p-Rrp9p pair recognizes the B/C motif, we first improved the identification of RNA determinants required for Snu13p binding by experiments using the systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment. This demonstrated the importance of a U.U pair stacked on the sheared pairs and revealed a direct link between Snu13p affinity and the stability of helices I and II. Sequence and structure requirements for efficient association of Rrp9p on the B/C motif were studied in yeast cells by expression of variant U3 snoRNAs and immunoselection assays. A G-C pair in stem II, a G residue at position 1 in the bulge, and a short stem I were found to be required. The data identify the in vivo function of most of the conserved residues of the U3 snoRNA B/C motif. They bring important information to understand how different K-turn motifs can recruit different sets of proteins after Snu13p association.