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Reliability and validity of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory (Full and FastScreen scales) in detecting depression in persons with hepatitis C.
J Affect Disord. 2007 Jun; 100(1-3):265-9.JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

We examined the performance the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and its short form (BDI-FS) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale depression (HADS-D) and anxiety (HADS-A) subscales in detecting depression in a group of patients with hepatitis C.

METHODS

SCID-CV was used to establish DSM-IV diagnosis. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values were used to assess test performance and Cohen's Kappa to measure agreement with DSM diagnosis.

RESULTS

Twenty-five of 88 participants had a DSM-IV depressive diagnosis. There was considerable non-overlap between 'caseness' on the BDI and HADS (Kappa=0.44). The HADS depression subscale had poor sensitivity (52%) and poor agreement with clinical diagnosis (Kappa=0.35). The full BDI had a sensitivity of 88% and a Kappa of 0.54 against a sensitivity of 84% and Kappa of 0.42 for the short form. The HADS anxiety subscale predicted depression as well as the depression subscale (sensitivity 88%, Kappa 0.47).

CONCLUSIONS

Neither the BDI nor the HADS agrees well with the clinical diagnosis of depressive disorder, nor do they agree well with one another. The anxiety subscale of the HADS appears to measure depression at least as well as the depressive subscale.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Psychological Medicine Service, St James's Hospital, Dublin 8, Ireland.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Validation Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17156850

Citation

Golden, Jeannette, et al. "Reliability and Validity of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory (Full and FastScreen Scales) in Detecting Depression in Persons With Hepatitis C." Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 100, no. 1-3, 2007, pp. 265-9.
Golden J, Conroy RM, O'Dwyer AM. Reliability and validity of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory (Full and FastScreen scales) in detecting depression in persons with hepatitis C. J Affect Disord. 2007;100(1-3):265-9.
Golden, J., Conroy, R. M., & O'Dwyer, A. M. (2007). Reliability and validity of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory (Full and FastScreen scales) in detecting depression in persons with hepatitis C. Journal of Affective Disorders, 100(1-3), 265-9.
Golden J, Conroy RM, O'Dwyer AM. Reliability and Validity of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory (Full and FastScreen Scales) in Detecting Depression in Persons With Hepatitis C. J Affect Disord. 2007;100(1-3):265-9. PubMed PMID: 17156850.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Reliability and validity of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory (Full and FastScreen scales) in detecting depression in persons with hepatitis C. AU - Golden,Jeannette, AU - Conroy,Ronán M, AU - O'Dwyer,Anne Marie, Y1 - 2006/12/06/ PY - 2006/06/16/received PY - 2006/10/21/revised PY - 2006/10/23/accepted PY - 2006/12/13/pubmed PY - 2007/8/24/medline PY - 2006/12/13/entrez SP - 265 EP - 9 JF - Journal of affective disorders JO - J Affect Disord VL - 100 IS - 1-3 N2 - BACKGROUND: We examined the performance the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and its short form (BDI-FS) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale depression (HADS-D) and anxiety (HADS-A) subscales in detecting depression in a group of patients with hepatitis C. METHODS: SCID-CV was used to establish DSM-IV diagnosis. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values were used to assess test performance and Cohen's Kappa to measure agreement with DSM diagnosis. RESULTS: Twenty-five of 88 participants had a DSM-IV depressive diagnosis. There was considerable non-overlap between 'caseness' on the BDI and HADS (Kappa=0.44). The HADS depression subscale had poor sensitivity (52%) and poor agreement with clinical diagnosis (Kappa=0.35). The full BDI had a sensitivity of 88% and a Kappa of 0.54 against a sensitivity of 84% and Kappa of 0.42 for the short form. The HADS anxiety subscale predicted depression as well as the depression subscale (sensitivity 88%, Kappa 0.47). CONCLUSIONS: Neither the BDI nor the HADS agrees well with the clinical diagnosis of depressive disorder, nor do they agree well with one another. The anxiety subscale of the HADS appears to measure depression at least as well as the depressive subscale. SN - 0165-0327 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17156850/Reliability_and_validity_of_the_Hospital_Anxiety_and_Depression_Scale_and_the_Beck_Depression_Inventory__Full_and_FastScreen_scales__in_detecting_depression_in_persons_with_hepatitis_C_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0165-0327(06)00459-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -