Degradation of 4-nitrophenol in aqueous medium by electro-Fenton method.J Hazard Mater. 2007 Jun 25; 145(1-2):227-32.JH
The degradation of 4-nitrophenol by electro-Fenton (E-Fenton) method was carried out in batch recirculation mode. The effect of operating conditions such as electrical current, Fenton's reagent dosage, Fe(II) to H(2)O(2) molar ratio, and H(2)O(2) feeding time on the efficiency of E-Fenton process was investigated. It was found that E-Fenton method showed the synergetic effect on COD removal. The increase of Fenton's reagent dosage, Fe(II) to H(2)O(2) molar ratio, and the electrical current would lead to the increase of COD removal efficiency. Continuous addition of hydrogen peroxide was more effective than the addition of hydrogen peroxide in a single step and there existed an optimal H(2)O(2) feeding time for COD removal. The reaction system was modeled as a plug flow reactor (PFR) in series with a continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR), and the pseudo-first order rate constant of COD removal was determined from the model based on the experimental data.