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Acute psychological reactions in assault victims of non-domestic violence: peritraumatic dissociation, post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety and depression.
Nord J Psychiatry. 2006; 60(6):452-62.NJ

Abstract

The aims of this study were to investigate acute and subacute post-traumatic reactions in victims of physical non-domestic violence. A Norwegian sample of 138 physically assaulted victims was interviewed and a questionnaire was completed. The following areas were examined: the frequency and intensity of acute and subacute psychological reactions such as peritraumatic dissociation (PD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and anxiety and depression; the relationship between several psychological reactions; the relationship between psychological reactions and level of physical injury, perceived life threat, and potential of severe physical injury, and the relationship between psychological reactions and socio-demographic variables. The following distress reactions were measured retrospectively: PD, PTSD, and anxiety and depression. Thirty-three per cent of the victims scored as probable PTSD cases according to the Post Traumatic Symptoms Scale 10 (PTSS-10); the corresponding Impact of Event Scale-15 (IES-15) score identified prevalence of 34% respectively. Forty-four per cent scored as cases with probable anxiety and depression, according to the Hopkins Symptom Check List 25 (HSCL-25). Severity of perceived threat predicted higher scores on all measures of psychological reactions. There were no statistically significant differences between acute and subacute groups on PD, PTSS-10, IES-15, IES-22 and HSCL-25 according to measured means (and standard deviations) and occurrence of probable cases and risk level cases. The results showed no connection between severity of physical injury and caseness. The acute psychological impairment that results from assault violence may have a deleterious effect on the mental health of victims.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Health, Buskerud University College, Drammen, Norway. venke.johansen@isf.uib.noNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17162453

Citation

Johansen, Venke A., et al. "Acute Psychological Reactions in Assault Victims of Non-domestic Violence: Peritraumatic Dissociation, Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, Anxiety and Depression." Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 60, no. 6, 2006, pp. 452-62.
Johansen VA, Wahl AK, Eilertsen DE, et al. Acute psychological reactions in assault victims of non-domestic violence: peritraumatic dissociation, post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety and depression. Nord J Psychiatry. 2006;60(6):452-62.
Johansen, V. A., Wahl, A. K., Eilertsen, D. E., Hanestad, B. R., & Weisaeth, L. (2006). Acute psychological reactions in assault victims of non-domestic violence: peritraumatic dissociation, post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety and depression. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, 60(6), 452-62.
Johansen VA, et al. Acute Psychological Reactions in Assault Victims of Non-domestic Violence: Peritraumatic Dissociation, Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, Anxiety and Depression. Nord J Psychiatry. 2006;60(6):452-62. PubMed PMID: 17162453.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Acute psychological reactions in assault victims of non-domestic violence: peritraumatic dissociation, post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety and depression. AU - Johansen,Venke A, AU - Wahl,Astrid K, AU - Eilertsen,Dag Erik, AU - Hanestad,Berit R, AU - Weisaeth,Lars, PY - 2006/12/13/pubmed PY - 2007/3/3/medline PY - 2006/12/13/entrez SP - 452 EP - 62 JF - Nordic journal of psychiatry JO - Nord J Psychiatry VL - 60 IS - 6 N2 - The aims of this study were to investigate acute and subacute post-traumatic reactions in victims of physical non-domestic violence. A Norwegian sample of 138 physically assaulted victims was interviewed and a questionnaire was completed. The following areas were examined: the frequency and intensity of acute and subacute psychological reactions such as peritraumatic dissociation (PD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and anxiety and depression; the relationship between several psychological reactions; the relationship between psychological reactions and level of physical injury, perceived life threat, and potential of severe physical injury, and the relationship between psychological reactions and socio-demographic variables. The following distress reactions were measured retrospectively: PD, PTSD, and anxiety and depression. Thirty-three per cent of the victims scored as probable PTSD cases according to the Post Traumatic Symptoms Scale 10 (PTSS-10); the corresponding Impact of Event Scale-15 (IES-15) score identified prevalence of 34% respectively. Forty-four per cent scored as cases with probable anxiety and depression, according to the Hopkins Symptom Check List 25 (HSCL-25). Severity of perceived threat predicted higher scores on all measures of psychological reactions. There were no statistically significant differences between acute and subacute groups on PD, PTSS-10, IES-15, IES-22 and HSCL-25 according to measured means (and standard deviations) and occurrence of probable cases and risk level cases. The results showed no connection between severity of physical injury and caseness. The acute psychological impairment that results from assault violence may have a deleterious effect on the mental health of victims. SN - 0803-9488 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17162453/Acute_psychological_reactions_in_assault_victims_of_non_domestic_violence:_peritraumatic_dissociation_post_traumatic_stress_disorder_anxiety_and_depression_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08039480601021886 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -