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Reactions to combat stress in Israeli veterans twenty years after the 1982 Lebanon war.
J Nerv Ment Dis. 2006 Dec; 194(12):935-9.JN

Abstract

During the war or shortly thereafter, the most common manifestation of combat induced psychopathology is combat stress reaction (CSR). The long-term consequences of CSR have so far received little scientific attention. The aim of this study was to examine whether CSR is a marker for long-term PTSD and other psychiatric comorbidities. Two groups of veterans from the 1982 Lebanon war were assessed 20 years after the war: one comprised 286 CSR casualties and the other comprised 218 matched non-CSR soldiers. Participants were assessed for PTSD, psychiatric symptomatology, social functioning, physical health, and postwar life events. Twenty years after the war, veterans with antecedent CSR reported more PTSD, psychiatric symptomatology and distress, social dysfunction, and health problems than did non-CSR veterans. We conclude that CSR should be seen as a marker for long-term psychiatric distress and impairment. In addition, the implications of combat-related trauma are broad and varied, and go beyond the narrow scope of PTSD.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Bob Shappell School of Social Work, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. solomon@post.tau.ac.ilNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17164632

Citation

Solomon, Zahava, et al. "Reactions to Combat Stress in Israeli Veterans Twenty Years After the 1982 Lebanon War." The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, vol. 194, no. 12, 2006, pp. 935-9.
Solomon Z, Shklar R, Singer Y, et al. Reactions to combat stress in Israeli veterans twenty years after the 1982 Lebanon war. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2006;194(12):935-9.
Solomon, Z., Shklar, R., Singer, Y., & Mikulincer, M. (2006). Reactions to combat stress in Israeli veterans twenty years after the 1982 Lebanon war. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 194(12), 935-9.
Solomon Z, et al. Reactions to Combat Stress in Israeli Veterans Twenty Years After the 1982 Lebanon War. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2006;194(12):935-9. PubMed PMID: 17164632.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Reactions to combat stress in Israeli veterans twenty years after the 1982 Lebanon war. AU - Solomon,Zahava, AU - Shklar,Rami, AU - Singer,Yaffa, AU - Mikulincer,Mario, PY - 2006/12/14/pubmed PY - 2007/1/31/medline PY - 2006/12/14/entrez SP - 935 EP - 9 JF - The Journal of nervous and mental disease JO - J Nerv Ment Dis VL - 194 IS - 12 N2 - During the war or shortly thereafter, the most common manifestation of combat induced psychopathology is combat stress reaction (CSR). The long-term consequences of CSR have so far received little scientific attention. The aim of this study was to examine whether CSR is a marker for long-term PTSD and other psychiatric comorbidities. Two groups of veterans from the 1982 Lebanon war were assessed 20 years after the war: one comprised 286 CSR casualties and the other comprised 218 matched non-CSR soldiers. Participants were assessed for PTSD, psychiatric symptomatology, social functioning, physical health, and postwar life events. Twenty years after the war, veterans with antecedent CSR reported more PTSD, psychiatric symptomatology and distress, social dysfunction, and health problems than did non-CSR veterans. We conclude that CSR should be seen as a marker for long-term psychiatric distress and impairment. In addition, the implications of combat-related trauma are broad and varied, and go beyond the narrow scope of PTSD. SN - 0022-3018 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17164632/Reactions_to_combat_stress_in_Israeli_veterans_twenty_years_after_the_1982_Lebanon_war_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/01.nmd.0000249060.48248.ba DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -