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Race/ethnicity, substance abuse, and mental illness among suicide victims in 13 US states: 2004 data from the National Violent Death Reporting System.
Inj Prev. 2006 Dec; 12 Suppl 2:ii22-ii27.IP

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To calculate the prevalence of substance abuse and mental illness among suicide victims of different racial/ethnic groups and to identify race/ethnicity trends in mental health and substance abuse that may be used to improve suicide prevention.

METHODS

Data are from the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS), a state-based data integration system that, for 2004, includes data from 13 US states. The NVDRS integrates medical examiner, toxicology, death certificate, and law enforcement data.

RESULTS

Within participating states, for data year 2004, 6865 suicide incidents in which race/ethnicity are known were identified. This included 5797 (84.4%) non-Hispanic whites, 501 (7.3%) non-Hispanic blacks, 257 (3.7%) Hispanics, and 310 (4.5%) persons from other racial/ethnic groups. At the time of the suicide event, non-Hispanic blacks had lower blood alcohol contents than other groups. Non-Hispanic whites had less cocaine but more antidepressants and opiates. There were no differences in the levels of amphetamines or marijuana by race/ethnicity. Hispanics were less likely to have been diagnosed with a mental illness or to have received treatment, although family reports of depression were comparable to non-Hispanic whites and other racial/ethnic groups. Non-Hispanic whites were more likely to be diagnosed with depression or bipolar disorder and non-Hispanic blacks with schizophrenia. Comorbid substance abuse and mental health problems were more likely among non-Hispanic whites and non-Hispanic blacks, while Hispanics were more likely to have a substance abuse problem without comorbid mental health problems.

CONCLUSION

The results support earlier research documenting differences in race/ethnicity, substance abuse, and mental health problems as they relate to completed suicide. The data suggest that suicide prevention efforts must address not only substance abuse and mental health problems in general, but the unique personal, family, and social characteristics of different racial/ethnic groups.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA. DKarch@cdc.govNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17170166

Citation

Karch, D L., et al. "Race/ethnicity, Substance Abuse, and Mental Illness Among Suicide Victims in 13 US States: 2004 Data From the National Violent Death Reporting System." Injury Prevention : Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention, vol. 12 Suppl 2, 2006, pp. ii22-ii27.
Karch DL, Barker L, Strine TW. Race/ethnicity, substance abuse, and mental illness among suicide victims in 13 US states: 2004 data from the National Violent Death Reporting System. Inj Prev. 2006;12 Suppl 2:ii22-ii27.
Karch, D. L., Barker, L., & Strine, T. W. (2006). Race/ethnicity, substance abuse, and mental illness among suicide victims in 13 US states: 2004 data from the National Violent Death Reporting System. Injury Prevention : Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention, 12 Suppl 2, ii22-ii27.
Karch DL, Barker L, Strine TW. Race/ethnicity, Substance Abuse, and Mental Illness Among Suicide Victims in 13 US States: 2004 Data From the National Violent Death Reporting System. Inj Prev. 2006;12 Suppl 2:ii22-ii27. PubMed PMID: 17170166.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Race/ethnicity, substance abuse, and mental illness among suicide victims in 13 US states: 2004 data from the National Violent Death Reporting System. AU - Karch,D L, AU - Barker,L, AU - Strine,T W, PY - 2006/12/16/pubmed PY - 2007/11/14/medline PY - 2006/12/16/entrez SP - ii22 EP - ii27 JF - Injury prevention : journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention JO - Inj Prev VL - 12 Suppl 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To calculate the prevalence of substance abuse and mental illness among suicide victims of different racial/ethnic groups and to identify race/ethnicity trends in mental health and substance abuse that may be used to improve suicide prevention. METHODS: Data are from the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS), a state-based data integration system that, for 2004, includes data from 13 US states. The NVDRS integrates medical examiner, toxicology, death certificate, and law enforcement data. RESULTS: Within participating states, for data year 2004, 6865 suicide incidents in which race/ethnicity are known were identified. This included 5797 (84.4%) non-Hispanic whites, 501 (7.3%) non-Hispanic blacks, 257 (3.7%) Hispanics, and 310 (4.5%) persons from other racial/ethnic groups. At the time of the suicide event, non-Hispanic blacks had lower blood alcohol contents than other groups. Non-Hispanic whites had less cocaine but more antidepressants and opiates. There were no differences in the levels of amphetamines or marijuana by race/ethnicity. Hispanics were less likely to have been diagnosed with a mental illness or to have received treatment, although family reports of depression were comparable to non-Hispanic whites and other racial/ethnic groups. Non-Hispanic whites were more likely to be diagnosed with depression or bipolar disorder and non-Hispanic blacks with schizophrenia. Comorbid substance abuse and mental health problems were more likely among non-Hispanic whites and non-Hispanic blacks, while Hispanics were more likely to have a substance abuse problem without comorbid mental health problems. CONCLUSION: The results support earlier research documenting differences in race/ethnicity, substance abuse, and mental health problems as they relate to completed suicide. The data suggest that suicide prevention efforts must address not only substance abuse and mental health problems in general, but the unique personal, family, and social characteristics of different racial/ethnic groups. SN - 1353-8047 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17170166/Race/ethnicity_substance_abuse_and_mental_illness_among_suicide_victims_in_13_US_states:_2004_data_from_the_National_Violent_Death_Reporting_System_ L2 - https://ip.bmj.com/lookup/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=17170166 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -