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Long-term results of expansive open-door laminoplasty for cervical myelopathy--average 14-year follow-up study.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2006 Dec 15; 31(26):2998-3005.S

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN

Retrospective case series on long-term follow-up results of original expansive open-door laminoplasty for cervical myelopathy due to cervical spondylosis (CSM) and ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL).

OBJECTIVES

To elucidate efficacy and problems of original open-door laminoplasty to improve future surgical outcomes.

SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA

Little information is available on long-term outcomes of original open-door laminoplasty without grafts, implants, or instruments.

METHOD

The study group included 80 patients who underwent original open-door laminoplasty and were followed for minimum 10 years. Clinical results, including Japanese Orthopedic Association scores, recovery rates, occurrences of complications, and long-term deterioration were investigated. Cervical alignments, type of OPLL, cervical range of motion, anteroposterior diameter of spinal canal, and progression of OPLL were assessed on plain radiographs. Spinal cord decompression was verified on magnetic resonance imaging.

RESULTS

Average Japanese Orthopedic Association score and recovery rate improved significantly until 3 years after surgery and remained at an acceptable level in both cervical spondylosis and OPLL patients with slight deterioration after 5 years. Segmental motor palsy developed in 8 patients. Late deterioration, mainly lower extremity motor score decline, developed in 8 CSM and 16 OPLL patients. Overall cervical range of motion decreased by 36%. Patients with cervical lordosis decreased gradually in both patient groups. Such changes in alignments did not affect surgical results in CSM patients, while OPLL patients with preoperative kyphosis had lower recovery rates than those with straight and lordotic alignments. OPLL progression that was detected in 66% of patients did not affect clinical results. Although infrequent, magnetic resonance imaging revealed atrophy of spinal cord, spinal cord compression at adjacent segments due to degenerative changes and OPLL progression.

CONCLUSIONS

Long-term results of open-door laminoplasty without bone graft, graft substitutes, or instruments were satisfactory. However, segmental motor paralysis, kyphosis, established before and after surgery, OPLL progression, and late deterioration due to age-related degeneration remain challenging problems.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan. kchiba@sc.itc.keio.ac.jpNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17172996

Citation

Chiba, Kazuhiro, et al. "Long-term Results of Expansive Open-door Laminoplasty for Cervical Myelopathy--average 14-year Follow-up Study." Spine, vol. 31, no. 26, 2006, pp. 2998-3005.
Chiba K, Ogawa Y, Ishii K, et al. Long-term results of expansive open-door laminoplasty for cervical myelopathy--average 14-year follow-up study. Spine. 2006;31(26):2998-3005.
Chiba, K., Ogawa, Y., Ishii, K., Takaishi, H., Nakamura, M., Maruiwa, H., Matsumoto, M., & Toyama, Y. (2006). Long-term results of expansive open-door laminoplasty for cervical myelopathy--average 14-year follow-up study. Spine, 31(26), 2998-3005.
Chiba K, et al. Long-term Results of Expansive Open-door Laminoplasty for Cervical Myelopathy--average 14-year Follow-up Study. Spine. 2006 Dec 15;31(26):2998-3005. PubMed PMID: 17172996.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Long-term results of expansive open-door laminoplasty for cervical myelopathy--average 14-year follow-up study. AU - Chiba,Kazuhiro, AU - Ogawa,Yuto, AU - Ishii,Ken, AU - Takaishi,Hironari, AU - Nakamura,Masaya, AU - Maruiwa,Hirofumi, AU - Matsumoto,Morio, AU - Toyama,Yoshiaki, PY - 2006/12/19/pubmed PY - 2007/1/12/medline PY - 2006/12/19/entrez SP - 2998 EP - 3005 JF - Spine JO - Spine VL - 31 IS - 26 N2 - STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series on long-term follow-up results of original expansive open-door laminoplasty for cervical myelopathy due to cervical spondylosis (CSM) and ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). OBJECTIVES: To elucidate efficacy and problems of original open-door laminoplasty to improve future surgical outcomes. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Little information is available on long-term outcomes of original open-door laminoplasty without grafts, implants, or instruments. METHOD: The study group included 80 patients who underwent original open-door laminoplasty and were followed for minimum 10 years. Clinical results, including Japanese Orthopedic Association scores, recovery rates, occurrences of complications, and long-term deterioration were investigated. Cervical alignments, type of OPLL, cervical range of motion, anteroposterior diameter of spinal canal, and progression of OPLL were assessed on plain radiographs. Spinal cord decompression was verified on magnetic resonance imaging. RESULTS: Average Japanese Orthopedic Association score and recovery rate improved significantly until 3 years after surgery and remained at an acceptable level in both cervical spondylosis and OPLL patients with slight deterioration after 5 years. Segmental motor palsy developed in 8 patients. Late deterioration, mainly lower extremity motor score decline, developed in 8 CSM and 16 OPLL patients. Overall cervical range of motion decreased by 36%. Patients with cervical lordosis decreased gradually in both patient groups. Such changes in alignments did not affect surgical results in CSM patients, while OPLL patients with preoperative kyphosis had lower recovery rates than those with straight and lordotic alignments. OPLL progression that was detected in 66% of patients did not affect clinical results. Although infrequent, magnetic resonance imaging revealed atrophy of spinal cord, spinal cord compression at adjacent segments due to degenerative changes and OPLL progression. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term results of open-door laminoplasty without bone graft, graft substitutes, or instruments were satisfactory. However, segmental motor paralysis, kyphosis, established before and after surgery, OPLL progression, and late deterioration due to age-related degeneration remain challenging problems. SN - 1528-1159 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17172996/Long_term_results_of_expansive_open_door_laminoplasty_for_cervical_myelopathy__average_14_year_follow_up_study_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.brs.0000250307.78987.6b DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -